DATE: October 25, 2018
TIME: 9:00AM PDT
There are over 60 different therapeutic monoclonal antibodies approved by the FDA; treating a variety of diseases, including solid-organ tumors, hematological malignancies, rheumatological disorders, and autoimmune gastrointestinal diseases. The market for t-mAbs is rapidly growing; worldwide sales are expected to be over $100 billion in 2018, and there are over 500 new t-mAbs in several stages of development. Laboratorians are quite familiar with the concept of therapeutic drug monitoring for small molecules; the methodologies are well established, therapeutic ranges defined, and metabolic pathways for many have been elucidated in detail. However, this is not the case for t-mAbs. The clinical laboratory will have many roles as t-mAbs expand: identifying potential interferences in routine immunoassays; developing new assays to differentiate a t-mAb from an endogenous, disease-causing plasma cell clone; monitoring therapeutic drugs for better patient outcomes and assessing loss of response to therapy that is associated with formation of autoantibodies against the t-mAb. While proteins and peptides have traditionally been quantitated by immunoassays, tryptic peptide mass spectrometry has now also become well-established for proteins such as t-mAbs, with the advantage of not requiring antibody reagents. Tryptic peptide MS offers cost effective, high throughput, multiplexed assays when performed using triple-quadrupole mass spectrometers, which have been the instrument of choice in the clinical laboratories for many years due to their proven track record of providing precise and accurate quantitative results. The peptide method is limited when developing assays for humanized/human t-mAbs containing less than 5% of animal sequences. Therefore, alternative approaches for t-mAb quantitation needed to be developed along with extraction techniques. One of those approaches is the measurement of the immunoglobulin intact light chain by time-of-flight or orbitrap MS.
For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures.