Gravimetry: the measurement of weight, a gravitational field, or density. Gravimetry may be used when either the magnitude of gravitational field or the properties of matter responsible for its creation are of interest. Gravity is usually measured in units of acceleration. An instrument used to measure gravity is known as a gravimeter, or gravitometer. For a small body, general relativity predicts gravitational effects indistinguishable from the effects of acceleration by the equivalence principle.