MAY 05, 2020 3:15 PM PDT

Can a face-aging app improve sun protection behavior?

Can a face-aging mobile app improve the skin cancer protection behavior of teenagers? A cluster-randomized clinical trial of 52 school classes with 1573 Brazilian pupils aims to answer that question. Its findings are published in the journal JAMA Dermatology

Exposure to UV radiation in early life is a risk factor for skin cancer, but it often isn’t the thing that young people are thinking of when they head for the beach - or worse, the tanning bed. 

As the authors of the study write, “Melanoma incidence is increasing throughout the world, which results in substantial health and economic burdens. As many as 90% of melanomas are associated with UV exposure, in particular with severe sunburns, and are therefore highly preventable. Studies have shown that daily sunscreen use following international dermatology guidelines may prevent sunburns and/or skin cancer, including melanoma.”

Because melanoma development can be reduced by limiting UV exposure in children and adolescents, the researchers developed the free face-aging mobile app Sunface in order to analyze its impact on the skin cancer protection behavior of adolescents.

The findings from the study show that after 3 to 6 months of using Sunface, adolescents in the targeted intervention group showed improvements in sunscreen use, tanning behavior, and skin self-examinations, compared to those students in the nonintervention group.

“Results showed that daily sunscreen use increased from 110 of 734 pupils (15.0%) to 139 of 607 (22.9%) at the 6-month follow-up in the intervention group. The proportion of pupils performing at least 1 skin self-examination in the intervention group rose from 184 of 734 (25.1%) to 300 of 607 (49.4%). Use of tanning decreased from 138 of 734 pupils (18.8%) to 92 of 607 (15.2%). No significant changes were observed in the control group. The intervention was more effective for female students.”

Photo: Pixabay

These findings suggest that interventions like the face-aging app Sunface may be useful in improving skin cancer protection behavior in Brazilian youth. The authors hope that such behaviors will decrease skin cancer risk and melanoma development. 

Sources: JAMA Dermatology, Eureka Alert

About the Author
  • Kathryn is a curious world-traveller interested in the intersection between nature, culture, history, and people. She has worked for environmental education non-profits and is a Spanish/English interpreter.
You May Also Like
MAR 10, 2020
Cancer
MAR 10, 2020
Chemo more effective with Intralipid treatment
A study published recently in Scientific Reports suggests a novel technique to make chemotherapy more effective. Th ...
APR 16, 2020
Cancer
APR 16, 2020
This drug hopes to prevent cancer relapse
A report published in Nature Communications highlights findings from a study showing that the experimental drug, Qu ...
APR 17, 2020
Drug Discovery & Development
APR 17, 2020
Overcoming Multi-Drug Resistance in Cancer
Resistance to chemotherapeutic use in caner patients is something that is inevitable. Continued resistance to these drug ...
MAY 11, 2020
Cancer
MAY 11, 2020
Are antihistamines helpful for cancer?
Research recently published in the research journal Allergy suggests that a common antihistamine could improve survival ...
MAY 13, 2020
Cancer
MAY 13, 2020
What role does geography play in childhood cancer?
Research published in the International Journal of Health Geographics aims to explain the role that geography plays in p ...
MAY 19, 2020
Cancer
MAY 19, 2020
Great ape genomes closer to human tumors than human genomes
A new study analyzing cancer from an evolutionary perspective reports that the distribution of mutations in human tumors ...
Loading Comments...