MAY 05, 2020 3:15 PM PDT

Can a face-aging app improve sun protection behavior?

Can a face-aging mobile app improve the skin cancer protection behavior of teenagers? A cluster-randomized clinical trial of 52 school classes with 1573 Brazilian pupils aims to answer that question. Its findings are published in the journal JAMA Dermatology

Exposure to UV radiation in early life is a risk factor for skin cancer, but it often isn’t the thing that young people are thinking of when they head for the beach - or worse, the tanning bed. 

As the authors of the study write, “Melanoma incidence is increasing throughout the world, which results in substantial health and economic burdens. As many as 90% of melanomas are associated with UV exposure, in particular with severe sunburns, and are therefore highly preventable. Studies have shown that daily sunscreen use following international dermatology guidelines may prevent sunburns and/or skin cancer, including melanoma.”

Because melanoma development can be reduced by limiting UV exposure in children and adolescents, the researchers developed the free face-aging mobile app Sunface in order to analyze its impact on the skin cancer protection behavior of adolescents.

The findings from the study show that after 3 to 6 months of using Sunface, adolescents in the targeted intervention group showed improvements in sunscreen use, tanning behavior, and skin self-examinations, compared to those students in the nonintervention group.

“Results showed that daily sunscreen use increased from 110 of 734 pupils (15.0%) to 139 of 607 (22.9%) at the 6-month follow-up in the intervention group. The proportion of pupils performing at least 1 skin self-examination in the intervention group rose from 184 of 734 (25.1%) to 300 of 607 (49.4%). Use of tanning decreased from 138 of 734 pupils (18.8%) to 92 of 607 (15.2%). No significant changes were observed in the control group. The intervention was more effective for female students.”

Photo: Pixabay

These findings suggest that interventions like the face-aging app Sunface may be useful in improving skin cancer protection behavior in Brazilian youth. The authors hope that such behaviors will decrease skin cancer risk and melanoma development. 

Sources: JAMA Dermatology, Eureka Alert

About the Author
  • Kathryn is a curious world-traveller interested in the intersection between nature, culture, history, and people. She has worked for environmental education non-profits and is a Spanish/English interpreter.
You May Also Like
MAY 17, 2021
Cancer
Cells at the center of a tumor are more aggressive and spread faster
MAY 17, 2021
Cells at the center of a tumor are more aggressive and spread faster
New research stemming from a collaboration between researchers from the Francis Crick Institute, Royal Marsden, UCL and ...
JUN 22, 2021
Cancer
Evaluating adverse effects of induction therapy for neuroblastoma
JUN 22, 2021
Evaluating adverse effects of induction therapy for neuroblastoma
A study published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology reports an evaluation of the chemotherapy treatment given to child ...
JUL 12, 2021
Cell & Molecular Biology
A Molecule From the Gut Microbiome May Fight Tumors
JUL 12, 2021
A Molecule From the Gut Microbiome May Fight Tumors
The more we learn abut the gut microbiome, the more it seems that the microorganisms in our gastrointestinal tracts can ...
AUG 07, 2021
Cancer
New Drug Combo Eliminates Pancreatic Cancer in Mice
AUG 07, 2021
New Drug Combo Eliminates Pancreatic Cancer in Mice
A combination of three immunotherapy drugs can eliminate pancreatic tumors in mice. The study was published in Canc ...
SEP 02, 2021
Cancer
When Cholesterol Doesn't Kill Cancer, it Makes it Stronger!
SEP 02, 2021
When Cholesterol Doesn't Kill Cancer, it Makes it Stronger!
High cholesterol is associated with an increased risk of several types of cancer, and cancer patients with high choleste ...
SEP 23, 2021
Immunology
Enhanced Hamster Cells as Super Drug Factories
SEP 23, 2021
Enhanced Hamster Cells as Super Drug Factories
Antibodies are highly specialized proteins produced by the immune system that stick on to foreign invaders in the body w ...
Loading Comments...