AUG 23, 2017 3:17 PM PDT

Chemists Find Big Medicinal Potential in Avocado Seed Husks

WRITTEN BY: Xuan Pham

Most everyone who consumes avocados have come to regard the center pit as a mere obstacle to the green and butter smooth flesh of the fruit. But the pit that we discard without a moment’s hesitation may be a potent source for medicinal chemicals, chemists report.

Image credit: Pixabay.com

The tasty, creamy avocado delight we love in sushi, tacos, and salads is actually a member of the berry family. More interestingly, the name avocado derives from the Nahuatl Aztec word "ahuacatl," which translates to "testicles."

Fun facts aside, health gurus have touted the benefits of this fruit for years, citing its healthy fats and many good-for-you vitamins and nutrients. Indeed, avocados and avocado oils have been linked with lowering “bad” cholesterol along with reducing the risk for metabolic syndrome.

With so much potential health benefits in the avocado flesh, no one really thought to study the avocado pit. And when researchers did open this investigation, they found a treasure trove of chemicals in the seed husk.

“It could very well be that avocado seed husks, which most people consider as the waste of wastes, are actually the gem of gems because the medicinal compounds within them could eventually be used to treat cancer, heart disease and other conditions,” said Dr. Debasish Bandyopadhyay, who presented the work at the 254th National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society.

In studying purified powder extracted from the avocado seed husk, the team identified 116 compounds in the oil and 16 compounds in the wax component of the husk. Many of these compounds are unique only to the husk.

Of the over 130 different compounds, a few stood out for their potential in medicine. Docosanol, for example, has antiviral properties and is already used in treatments for cold sores. Another compound, lauric acid, has been shown to raise level of the “good” cholesterol. And heptacosane is one chemical with potential cancer-fighting potential that isn’t found in the usual flesh of the fruit.

Beyond the scope of medicine, the team also identified compounds from the waxy part of the husk that be applied to other industries. This includes butylated hydroxytoluene, an antioxidant that's used as a food preservative, and benzyl butyl phthalate, a component of plastics that improves the flexibility of the material.

“Our results also suggest that the seed husks are a potential source of chemicals used in plastics and other industrial products,” said Dr. Bandyopadhyay.

It’s important to note that avocado seed husks do not provide a big yield of chemicals. In the study, the researchers had to ground 300 dried husks to get 21 ounces of powder. And after further processing, the team only had 3 teaspoons of husk oil and about 1 teaspoon of husk wax to work with. But hopefully, with the 5 billion tons of avocados that are consumed worldwide every year, scientists will find enough husks to work with for their next investigations.

Additional source: MNT

About the Author
  • I am a human geneticist, passionate about telling stories to make science more engaging and approachable. Find more of my writing at the Hopkins BioMedical Odyssey blog and at TheGeneTwist.com.
You May Also Like
AUG 24, 2021
Technology
CRISPR Helps Identify New Therapeutic Target for Leukemia
AUG 24, 2021
CRISPR Helps Identify New Therapeutic Target for Leukemia
Researchers may have found a new druggable target in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), thanks to a CRISPR scre ...
SEP 22, 2021
Cancer
Whole Genome Sequencing for Cancer Diagnostics
SEP 22, 2021
Whole Genome Sequencing for Cancer Diagnostics
The human genome consists of genetic material known as DNA.  We all have unique DNA sequences made up of four bases ...
NOV 09, 2021
Immunology
Wikipedia, but Make It Immune Cells
NOV 09, 2021
Wikipedia, but Make It Immune Cells
Scientists have established the first searchable database of complex immune data, providing the foundations for a new er ...
NOV 16, 2021
Earth & The Environment
Legal Loopholes Permitting Dangerous Air Pollution
NOV 16, 2021
Legal Loopholes Permitting Dangerous Air Pollution
A chemical plant in Port Arthur, Texas is producing ten times as much sulfur dioxide as its neighbors combined, and more ...
DEC 02, 2021
Cancer
A New Method to Enhance Immunotherapy in Mouse Tumors
DEC 02, 2021
A New Method to Enhance Immunotherapy in Mouse Tumors
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is the most common form of pancreatic cancer, accounting for about 90% of pancre ...
DEC 30, 2021
Cancer
Integrative Oncology Prolongs Breast Cancer Survival
DEC 30, 2021
Integrative Oncology Prolongs Breast Cancer Survival
We often describe cancer according to where it originates, such as breast cancer, lung cancer, or pancreatic cancer.&nbs ...
Loading Comments...