FEB 27, 2018 1:00 PM PST

Meet the New Member of CERN's Particle Accelerator Family

WRITTEN BY: Daniel Duan

 

An 86-meter long new linear particle accelerator, named Linac4, will be added to CERN’s LHC operation as an injection chain within two years.
 
The 160 MeV (megaelectron volts) accelerator was built 12 meters underground and is more powerful than its predecessor Linac2 at CERN. Scientists started beam tests using Linac4 back in 2013, and the highest energy output was reached in 2016. After twenty years of design and construction, the newest member of CERN's accelerator family was finally inaugurated in last May.
 
In 2019, it will be connected to another accelerator close by called PSB (Proton Synchrotron Booster). Linac4 will be responsible for accelerating negative hydrogen ions (H-) to the energy level of 160 MeV, to prepare them to enter the PSB.
 
The PSB is made up of four superimposed synchrotron rings that currently receive beams of protons from the linear accelerator Linac 2 at 50 MeV and accelerate them to 1.4 GeV for injection into the Proton Synchrotron. After the planned shutdown from 2019 to 2020, Linac 4 will replace Linac 2 and provide beams to the entire accelerator cluster including the LHC.
 
Source: CERN via Youtube
Image credit: CERN
About the Author
  • Graduated with a bachelor degree in Pharmaceutical Science and a master degree in neuropharmacology, Daniel is a radiopharmaceutical and radiobiology expert based in Ottawa, Canada. With years of experience in biomedical R&D, Daniel is very into writing. He is constantly fascinated by what's happening in the world of science. He hopes to capture the public's interest and promote scientific literacy with his trending news articles. The recurring topics in his Chemistry & Physics trending news section include alternative energy, material science, theoretical physics, medical imaging, and green chemistry.
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