SEP 26, 2019 10:00 AM PDT

The Invisible Killers in Your Home

WRITTEN BY: Nupur Srivastava

Do you know a mist of air freshener or the burning of a deliciously-scented candle in your home is a "sweet" and a slow poison to you and your loved ones?

The most popular fragranced products used at homes/offices that pose health hazard are:

  • Air fresheners and deodorizers (e.g., sprays or solid disks)
  • Personal care products (e.g., soaps, hand sanitizer, lotions, deodorant, sunscreen, shampoos)
  • Cleaning supplies (e.g., all-purpose cleaners, disinfectants, and dishwashing soap)
  • Laundry products (e.g., detergents, fabric softeners, dryer sheets)
  • Household products (e.g., scented candles, toilet paper, trash bags, baby products)
  • Fragrance (e.g., perfume, cologne, after-shave)

What do these fragranced products contain, and why are they harmful to health?

Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs)

VOCs are volatile organic chemicals or gases that are released into our environment (both indoors and outdoors) from products or processes. The exposure to VOC content may have adverse effects on our health, both short- and long-term (Figure 1).

A team of researchers at the University of Washington, Seattle detected 133 different VOCs emitting from 25 common fragranced household products. The researchers used gas chromatography-mass spectrometry to analyze VOCs released from the products. Of these 133 VOCs, 24 are classified as toxic or hazardous under U.S. federal laws, and each product emitted at least one of these compounds. 

VOCs contain hazardous carcinogenic chemicals like formaldehyde, petroleum distillates, limonene, acetaldehyde, 1,4-dioxane, formaldehyde, or methylene chloride. The people whose lungs are already susceptible such as asthma sufferers and children (less developed metabolic system) are most likely to develop life-threatening symptoms after exposure to these nasty chemicals.Figure 1: Short- and Long-term adverse health effects indoors when exposed to VOCs. (Minnesota Department of Health)

How can you reduce the levels of VOCs in your home?

  • To minimize your exposure to VOCs, the Environmental Protection Act (EPA) recommends increasing ventilation when using products that emit VOCs.
  • Minimize the use of products at home that emits or contain VOCs. Throw away unused or little-used containers that have chances to emit VOCs safely. 
  • Use natural air fresheners for a great smelling home, like brew mint tea, use threaded pomander balls, wrap cinnamon and cloves in cheesecloth and boil in water, keep air-cleansing houseplants, which can improve indoor air quality by filtering toxins out of the air. 
  • Keep all the windows and doors of your house open for maximum ventilation and fresh air.
  • Use plug-in air quality monitoring gadgets like Awair Glow C, Plume Labs Flow and Airthinx IAQ.

Share in the comments the efforts you are putting in to make your home "VOCs-proof".

Sources: AmericanLungAssociation, ScienceDirect, ScientificAmerican

About the Author
You May Also Like
JUL 21, 2020
Clinical & Molecular DX
A Lab on a Chip Could Save Your Life in an Emergency
JUL 21, 2020
A Lab on a Chip Could Save Your Life in an Emergency
Picture this: a hiker on a backcountry trail falls down a rocky embankment, and is left with a deep gash on the leg afte ...
AUG 11, 2020
Clinical & Molecular DX
Supervillain Alert! New Tech IDs Drug-Resistant Superbugs.
AUG 11, 2020
Supervillain Alert! New Tech IDs Drug-Resistant Superbugs.
The human body is made up of around 10 trillion cells. Fascinatingly, we have 10 times more bacterial cells on our bodie ...
AUG 20, 2020
Cardiology
A New Test to Discern Kawasaki Disease from Sepsis
AUG 20, 2020
A New Test to Discern Kawasaki Disease from Sepsis
Kawasaki disease is a rare cardiovascular disease affecting children under the age of five. If untreated, there is a cha ...
SEP 03, 2020
Cardiology
Does Hypertension Make It Harder to Recognize Others Emotions?
SEP 03, 2020
Does Hypertension Make It Harder to Recognize Others Emotions?
Have you ever felt your blood pressure rise when you get angry or stressed? Well, this phenomenon is unique in that it l ...
SEP 14, 2020
Health & Medicine
Direct Amplification: Rapid, Extraction-Free RT-qPCR Results
SEP 14, 2020
Direct Amplification: Rapid, Extraction-Free RT-qPCR Results
As the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic continues to rage across the United States and around the globe, the demand for COVID-19 test ...
SEP 28, 2020
Cancer
A New Transcriptomics Program in the Works Glioma Diagnosis
SEP 28, 2020
A New Transcriptomics Program in the Works Glioma Diagnosis
The future of medicine is “personalized healthcare.” However, testing remains a critical hurdle researcher&r ...
Loading Comments...