AUG 06, 2020 6:09 AM PDT

Device Diagnoses Breast Cancer in 60 Minutes

WRITTEN BY: Tara Fernandez

Researchers have created a point-of-care device that can provide diagnostic information on the presence of breast cancer in under an hour. In initial validation studies, the device showed an accuracy of 100 percent when tested among a small cohort of 68 patients. The instrument, named CytoPAN by its inventors, addresses clinical bottlenecks faced by populations in developing countries where access to central diagnostic facilities can be limited.

In the study, published recently in the journal Science Translational Medicine, the authors write, “The system is relatively affordable and requires minimal training, which should decrease the barriers to access in low-resource areas.”

Lead author, Jouha Min from the Center for Systems Biology at Massachusetts General Hospital, used a technique called image cytometry to create CytoPAN. First, samples are taken from a patient using fine-needle aspiration -- a less painful and invasive method as compared to standard biopsies. CytoPAN’s automated system rapidly captures images and analyzes cells one at a time, looking for histological signs of cancer. 

Typically, surgical procedures are required for diagnostic biopsies, in which a small sample of tissue is removed from the breast. This is sent to a laboratory where a pathologist uses specialized procedures to analyze the specimen, looking for signs of abnormal tissue growth. Pathology reports can take days or even weeks to prepare and often are not an option for those in developing countries due to the associated costs or access limitations.

The innovative device was validated in a study based in South Korea, where CytoPAN showed its tremendous potential. The device could spot the presence of abnormal, cancerous cells with high levels of accuracy, from patient samples with as little as 50 cells. Besides its speed, CytoPAN also gets points for its low cost and easy-to-use interface. Test kits could cost as little as $5, a fraction of the cost of current breast cancer diagnostics.

There were almost 10 million cancer-related deaths in 2018, making cancer the leading cause of death for 1 in 11 women worldwide. Scientists are optimistic that new technologies such as CytoPAN could lower this number by making routine health checks more accessible to all communities. The authors state that CytoPAN will not only benefit those in rural areas, stating, “We envision that the technology could also speed up turnaround times between intervention and results in established health care systems.”

 


Sources: Science Translational Medicine.

About the Author
  • Tara Fernandez has a PhD in Cell Biology and has spent over a decade uncovering the molecular basis of diseases ranging from skin cancer to obesity and diabetes. She currently works on developing and marketing disruptive new technologies in the biotechnology industry. Her areas of interest include innovation in molecular diagnostics, cell therapies, and immunology. She actively participates in various science communication and public engagement initiatives to promote STEM in the community.
You May Also Like
DEC 16, 2020
Clinical & Molecular DX
Gene Marker PACS a Punch for Cervical Cancer Treatments
DEC 16, 2020
Gene Marker PACS a Punch for Cervical Cancer Treatments
In cervical cancer, mutations in healthy cells cause cells to grow and multiply uncontrollably, invading surrounding tis ...
DEC 23, 2020
Cancer
A Combination of Photo and Sonodynamic Therapies Could Assist in Treating Brain Cancer
DEC 23, 2020
A Combination of Photo and Sonodynamic Therapies Could Assist in Treating Brain Cancer
Brain cancer is an incredible challenge for modern medicine. Most drugs don’t make it past the blood-brain barrier ...
JAN 07, 2021
Cardiology
Climbing Some Stairs is a Good Way to Check Heart Health
JAN 07, 2021
Climbing Some Stairs is a Good Way to Check Heart Health
If you can climb four flights in under a minute, your heart is probably in good shape, according to new work presented a ...
JAN 08, 2021
Neuroscience
Can We Identify Alzheimer's from Routine Eye Exams?
JAN 08, 2021
Can We Identify Alzheimer's from Routine Eye Exams?
As people with diabetes age, they are more likely than those without the condition to develop cognitive disorders such a ...
JAN 13, 2021
Clinical & Molecular DX
E-Stethoscope Picks up Good (and Bad) Vibrations
JAN 13, 2021
E-Stethoscope Picks up Good (and Bad) Vibrations
A medical device used to survey lung sounds to monitor for signs of respiratory distress has received FDA clearance. RES ...
JAN 18, 2021
Cancer
An "E-Nose" Could Help Doctors Diagnose Breast Cancer and Its Subtypes
JAN 18, 2021
An "E-Nose" Could Help Doctors Diagnose Breast Cancer and Its Subtypes
Breast cancer is one of the most well-studied cancers in modern medicine. Diagnostics can already differentiate between ...
Loading Comments...