JUN 10, 2018 5:04 PM PDT

Napa Valley: too much of a good thing?

Napa Valley. Even just the name has a ring to it, bringing up images of orderly vineyards and clinking wine glasses with the setting sun as a backdrop. But a new investigation from a coalition of residents and longtime winemakers is making us ask a new question: what are the environmental costs of the explosion of agriculture that has overtaken the valley in the last decades?

Napa Valley used to be covered with oak trees. Now, walking through the valley, all you see is vine after vine after vine. So much of the original woodland has been cleared (95%), that this group of locals, who have named their initiative Measure C, are calling for a cap for the amount of oak woodland that could be cleared for future vineyards. They’re hoping to protect the small percentage of trees that still root into the valley’s hillsides.

Winemakers purposely limiting their own winemaking crops for the sake of ecological preservation? Talk about an agricultural revolution.

There are approximately 500 wineries in Napa County, and roughly 3.5 million tourists grace the stretch of land a year. While the valley used to be an agricultural hotspot for many types of produce, fruit trees, and livestock, it is now definitively monocultural. That’s concerning, from an ecological and biodiversity standpoint. The agricultural industry has also had an impact on the valley’s watershed, and members of Measure C worry that predicted further development (a 2010 management plan estimated that by 2030, up to 3,065 acres of mixed woodland could be lost due to vineyard development) would devastate the region.

“Forests are the best negative emissions technology we have,” says Jim Wilson, one of the leaders of Measure C. “Should Napa’s wine industry get a pass? When you take forest out, you negatively impact carbon sequestration,” he elaborates. The trees play a crucial role in capturing rain and replenishing groundwater, he explains, while their root systems prevent soil erosion.

Can you see the old oaks on the valley's hillsides? Photo: Vacations Made Easy

As to be expected, not everyone is in agreement with Measure C’s stance on halting development. Big industry such as  Treasury Wine Estates, Gallo and Constellation – which own brands such as Corona and Svedka vodka – and have smaller wineries in the valley are staunchly opposed, as is to be expected. “The real issue here is power,” says local 90-year-old environmental advocate Ginny Simms. “Opponents want to run the county in a way that is favorable to the expansion of all wineries and wine events. Which leaves the people of Napa voiceless.” Voters will decide on a proposal by early June.  

Sources: The Guardian

About the Author
  • Kathryn is a curious world-traveller interested in the intersection between nature, culture, history, and people. She has worked for environmental education non-profits and is a Spanish/English interpreter.
You May Also Like
DEC 18, 2019
Earth & The Environment
DEC 18, 2019
BedMachine: the most accurate map of Antarctica yet
Research published recently in Nature Geoscience details the findings of the most accurate topographical map of Antarctica that we have to date. The map ha...
JAN 07, 2020
Plants & Animals
JAN 07, 2020
Baby Penguins Are Often Bullied to Death by Adults
Most people envision penguins as fun, happy-go-lucky birds residing in the Earth’s chilly polar regions, but that’s not always the case. In fac...
JAN 09, 2020
Earth & The Environment
JAN 09, 2020
Australian Bushfire Update
Devastating wildfires continue to ravage the continent of Australia. The report from BBC News below, which aired earlier this week, gives an encompassing u...
JAN 11, 2020
Earth & The Environment
JAN 11, 2020
The Ganges rising: water levels in the delta
A study published recently in PNAS reports the future of water-level rise in the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna delta. A collaboration of researchers from the C...
JAN 19, 2020
Earth & The Environment
JAN 19, 2020
Why aren't we meeting our forest restoration goals?
A new paper published recently in Conservation Letters hopes to encourage more support for countries aiming to meet their ambitious forest restoration goal...
JAN 26, 2020
Plants & Animals
JAN 26, 2020
Iguanas Are Falling From Trees in Florida
The state of Florida has endured an exceptionally chilly Winter season this time around, and some of the state’s wild critters are taking notice. Whi...
Loading Comments...