AUG 28, 2018 8:54 AM PDT

African savannas are emitting three times the CO2 than thought

The Miombo woodlands extend over 2.5 million square kilometers across Africa, passing through Angola, Zambia, Tanzania and Mozambique. This ecosystem provides valuable habitat for wildlife and acts as a carbon sink, keeping precious CO2 out of the atmosphere. But that’s changing now, new research reports, as recent widespread tree felling throughout savannas has increased carbon emissions threefold.

The research comes from a team at the University of Edinburgh that used radar satellite data to analyze the impact of carbon emissions from degradation and deforestation versus the offset that is provided via the growth of remote trees. Degradation here refers to the removal of trees due to logging, fire, and other reasons, and has been historically hard to monitor because satellite images often do not show differences in vegetation. Deforestation, meanwhile, refers to the clearing of entire areas for commercial activities.

Co-lead author, Dr. Casey Ryan, explains: "We knew that degradation was a problem, but this new approach means it is now much easier and cheaper for countries to monitor their natural resources and to target actions on the ground to mitigate these losses."

The study, published in the journal Nature Communications, determined a surprising discovery: degradation releases around twice as much carbon as deforestation. This is particularly true for areas close to cities and roads. What is the cause of this?

Well, according to the researchers, degradation occurs mostly in the form of using wood for fuel for the purposes of cooking and heating. In fact, they estimate that roughly 80% of the energy consumed in the area comes from woodlands resources. Because this aspect of rural life is unregulated, degradation can run amuck quickly, leading to fewer thriving trees taking in less and less CO2. Indeed, the total combined carbon losses from both degradation and deforestation range between three and six times higher than previously thought.

The Miombo woodlands offer crucial habitat for wildlife. Photo: VegetationMap4Africa

But do not despair! Dr. Iain McNicol, the other co-leader of the study, said: "While the rates of carbon loss we found are alarming, there is some cause for optimism. It is clear that in areas far from human influence, trees are taking in more carbon from the atmosphere. If more land is protected or used in a sustainable way, woodlands can recover relatively quickly."

Sources: Science Daily, Nature Communications

About the Author
BA Environmental Studies
Kathryn is a curious world-traveller interested in the intersection between nature, culture, history, and people. She has worked for environmental education non-profits and is a Spanish/English interpreter.
You May Also Like
OCT 11, 2022
Earth & The Environment
Potential For 24/7 Solar Power from Solar Harvesting
OCT 11, 2022
Potential For 24/7 Solar Power from Solar Harvesting
In a recent study published in Physical Review Applied, a team of researchers from the University of Houston reports on ...
OCT 31, 2022
Plants & Animals
Climate change is driving monkeys to the ground
OCT 31, 2022
Climate change is driving monkeys to the ground
New research suggests that predominantly tree-dwelling monkeys are spending more time on the ground, due to warming temp ...
NOV 12, 2022
Earth & The Environment
45,000-Year-Old Human DNA Divulges Human Evolution Secrets
NOV 12, 2022
45,000-Year-Old Human DNA Divulges Human Evolution Secrets
In a recent study published in Nature Ecology & Evolution, an international team of researchers led by the Universit ...
NOV 11, 2022
Space & Astronomy
Large "Planet Killer" Asteroid Found Hidden Within Sun's Glare
NOV 11, 2022
Large "Planet Killer" Asteroid Found Hidden Within Sun's Glare
In a recent study published in The Astrophysical Journal, an international team of researchers led by the Carnegie Insti ...
NOV 15, 2022
Technology
Silicon-Germanium Materials Hold Advantages for Better Computer Chips
NOV 15, 2022
Silicon-Germanium Materials Hold Advantages for Better Computer Chips
In a recent study published in the journal Small, an international team of researchers led by the Vienna University of T ...
NOV 18, 2022
Genetics & Genomics
DNA suggests human migration along the Atlantic coast to settle South America
NOV 18, 2022
DNA suggests human migration along the Atlantic coast to settle South America
New research based on genomic analysis suggests humans migrated along the Atlantic coast to settle parts of South Americ ...
Loading Comments...