MAY 18, 2017 3:59 PM PDT

Turning methane into electricity with bacteria

Methane is approximately 30 times more potent than carbon dioxide, which means that it has a big part in climate change. If we are able to harness methane to be converted into electricity, we may be able actually utilize this harmful greenhouse gas for good. A team of researchers has figured out how to do this process using a microbial fuel cell, and their work was recently published in Nature Communications. Watch the video below to learn how to make your own microbial fuel cell.

Typical methods of methane transportation are risky because leaks from pipes into the atmosphere are common; for this reason, a direct conversion process of methane into electricity that can be instigated near drilling sites is needed.

"Currently, we have to ship methane via pipelines," said Thomas K. Wood, holder of the biotechnology endowed chair and professor of chemical engineering, Penn State. "When you ship methane, you release a greenhouse gas. We can't eliminate all the leakage, but we could cut it in half if we didn't ship it via pipe long distances."

To make the process less leak-prone, the scientists want to develop microbial fuel cells that convert methane into electricity near the wellheads themselves. Microbial fuel cells convert chemical energy to electrical energy using microorganisms, and while that idea is not new, using methane to power a microbial fuel cell is a relatively novel idea. "People have tried for decades to directly convert methane," said Wood. "But they haven't been able to do it with microbial fuel cells. We've engineered a strain of bacteria that can."

The problem until has been that it is difficult to find bacteria that consume methane, as most of them live in the deep sea. But the researchers have found a solution. "We know of a bacterium that can produce an energy enzyme that grabs methane," said Wood. "We can't grow them in captivity, but we looked at the DNA and found something from the bottom of the Black Sea and synthesized it."

As the study explains the team produced a synthetic consortium of bacteria made of “(i) an engineered archaeal strain to produce methyl-coenzyme M reductase from unculturable anaerobic methanotrophs for capturing methane and secreting acetate; (ii) micro-organisms from methane-acclimated sludge (including Paracoccus denitrificans) to facilitate electron transfer by providing electron shuttles (confirmed by replacing the sludge with humic acids), and (iii) Geobacter sulfurreducens to produce electrons from acetate, to create a microbial fuel cell that converts methane directly into significant electrical current.” Each bacterium in the sludge performs its own specific role in the generation of electricity.

Unfortunately, bringing the microbial fuel cell into viable terms for the industrial scale is still ways away. Compared to other fuel cells, such as methanol for example, the cell produces about 1,000 times less electricity.

A basic diagram of a microbial fuel cell. Photo: Science Buddies

Sources: Science Daily, Nature Communications

About the Author
  • Kathryn is a curious world-traveller interested in the intersection between nature, culture, history, and people. She has worked for environmental education non-profits and is a Spanish/English interpreter.
You May Also Like
AUG 01, 2021
Earth & The Environment
Shrinking Krill Population Threatens Antarctic Ecosystem
AUG 01, 2021
Shrinking Krill Population Threatens Antarctic Ecosystem
Large-scale climate patterns have a direct impact on the reproductive success of female Antarctic krill, which in turn h ...
AUG 05, 2021
Space & Astronomy
Einstein Was Right, Again: X-rays Observed Behind a Black Hole for the First Time
AUG 05, 2021
Einstein Was Right, Again: X-rays Observed Behind a Black Hole for the First Time
  In an astrophysics first, a team of researchers have directly observed light coming from the backside o ...
SEP 14, 2021
Earth & The Environment
Record Activist Murders and Illegal Logging
SEP 14, 2021
Record Activist Murders and Illegal Logging
Last year, 2020, was the deadliest year for conservation activists. According to Global Witness, 227 environmental ...
SEP 28, 2021
Earth & The Environment
Using UAVs to Study the Environment
SEP 28, 2021
Using UAVs to Study the Environment
Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), or drones, are a relatively new technology for the general public at an affordable cost ...
OCT 06, 2021
Earth & The Environment
The Future is Fungi!
OCT 06, 2021
The Future is Fungi!
With more people looking to reduce the amount of meat they consume, vegetable substitutes for meat are on the rise. Thou ...
OCT 07, 2021
Health & Medicine
A School-based Approach to Combatting Adolescent Obesity
OCT 07, 2021
A School-based Approach to Combatting Adolescent Obesity
It should come as no surprise that obesity is a significant public health concern associated with astronomical economic ...
Loading Comments...