MAR 26, 2018 1:12 PM PDT

Indigenous Women Activists Fight to Save Ecuador's Land

WRITTEN BY: Julia Travers

A movement of indigenous women brought their demands for an end to resource extraction to Ecuadorian President Lenin Moreno in late March. About 100 of them camped before the government palace in the capital city of Quito and were later granted a meeting with Moreno.

“Women don’t want more oil and mining exploitation. It is women who care for the children, who care for the land, so it should be women making these decisions,” Nina Gualinga, a 24-year-old environmental activist from Sarayaku, told The Guardian.

This female group is following up on a related 2017 action, in which more than 3,000 indigenous people from across the country held a two-week, 200-mile march from the Amazon to the palace. The marchers demanded an end to unregulated mining and oil drilling within their territories. While Moreno conceded to some of their demands in December, new drilling options have since been created. The women who came to the capital in March also seek government action on the violence and threats directed at them as activists.

Indigenous Women Protest, credit: Jonatan Rosas, Mongabay

Indigenous Activists Demand to Be Heard

Following the massive 2017 march and protest, Moreno made an agreement with the Confederation of Indigenous Nationalities of Ecuador (CONAIE), the biggest indigenous organization in Ecuador, to halt new mining projects and only proceed with those achieving compliance with constitutional regulations. This was to include meeting the requirements of article 57, which gives indigenous groups rights to consultation regarding extraction projects.

But in February, despite Moreno’s previous agreement with CONAIE, the government announced it was auctioning off 16 oil concessions, or contracts, in the country's southern rainforests. The local indigenous nations were not properly consulted beforehand, according to the nonprofit Amazon Watch.

Women Activists Meet With the President of Ecuador

In response to this broken promise, the women demonstrators gathered in the capital, many with traditional garb and face-painting. They Indigenous Women Protest, credit: José Jácome/EPAcalled on Moreno to address their demands for an end to unrestricted extraction and for meaningful action against the personal dangers they face. Participants said they had experienced sexual violence and death threats.

“The threats against women are a consequence of extractivism,” Gualinga said.

“We will return to our communities and wait for a response from the government. If we do not receive a response in two weeks, we will be back,” Zoila Castillo, vice president of regional indigenous organization CONFENIAE, said. Moreno expressed a desire to find a consensus but also said, “it’s almost impossible for a world to exist without oil and mining.”

It is not unusual for land defenders and environmental activists around the globe to experience sexual violence and other forms of assault, along with death threats and murder. In 2017, almost four people were killed each week while defending their land and local natural areas against extraction and development projects.

In February, Ecuadorian voters strongly supported reducing mining in protected areas and limiting oil drilling in a national park. They also voted to limit the number of permitted presidential terms. Moreno introduced this issue and it was widely interpreted as a means of keeping his predecessor, Rafael Correa, from ever returning to power. Investigations into allegations of corrupt international oil dealings during Correa’s presidency are currently underway.

About the Author
  • Julia Travers is a writer, artist and teacher. She frequently covers science, tech, conservation and the arts. She enjoys solutions journalism. Find more of her work at jtravers.journoportfolio.com.
You May Also Like
AUG 12, 2021
Plants & Animals
Why Sunflower Heads Face East
AUG 12, 2021
Why Sunflower Heads Face East
You may have noticed that sunflowers can move their 'heads' or capitula to track the sun as its position changes during ...
SEP 01, 2021
Earth & The Environment
An Introduction to Conservation Through Hunting
SEP 01, 2021
An Introduction to Conservation Through Hunting
Hunting and conservation are inextricably linked. Hunters are some of the most avid conservationists because they want t ...
SEP 08, 2021
Earth & The Environment
The Invasive Species Coming for your Wine!
SEP 08, 2021
The Invasive Species Coming for your Wine!
Invasive species are a problem throughout the world. Globalization means that we are continuously accidentally introduci ...
OCT 05, 2021
Chemistry & Physics
Researchers Propose Pathway to Plastics Free of Carbon Emissions
OCT 05, 2021
Researchers Propose Pathway to Plastics Free of Carbon Emissions
Plastics may, in general, be a product of fossil fuels like petroleum, but that has not stopped an international team of ...
OCT 06, 2021
Earth & The Environment
The Future is Fungi!
OCT 06, 2021
The Future is Fungi!
With more people looking to reduce the amount of meat they consume, vegetable substitutes for meat are on the rise. Thou ...
OCT 21, 2021
Earth & The Environment
Over 99%: The Scientific Consensus on Climate Change Confirmed, Again
OCT 21, 2021
Over 99%: The Scientific Consensus on Climate Change Confirmed, Again
The scientific consensus on human-caused climate change is overwhelming. A recent study published this week in Envi ...
Loading Comments...