FEB 12, 2020 6:47 AM PST

Brain Patients are Advancing Research

WRITTEN BY: Tiffany Dazet

Neuroscientists may face the challenge of not having enough material or high-quality material to study the condition they’re researching. Luckily—as reported by the Associated Press (AP)—some scientists have the opportunity to “piggyback” on certain brain surgeries in which patients can elect to donate some tissues to science.

According to the AP, about 75% of brain tissue donations are from epilepsy patients. The remaining samples are from cancer surgeries. When patients are presented with the opportunity to assist in scientific studies in this manner, they need to understand the delineation between their treatment and their optional donation. The AP reports that a doctor will discuss the treatment with the patient, while a research coordinator addresses the opportunity to participate in studies.

In addition to donating brain tissue and cells, patients may contribute to studies in a variety of other ways. In one case reported by the AP, in addition to donating a small piece of healthy brain tissue, a patient also read sentences aloud while surgically implanted sensors tracked how her brain functioned. The patient, Genette Hofmann, said, “It was the easiest decision I’ve ever made. This will be my chance to make a difference.”

The Seattle-based Allen Institute for Brain Science is creating an online atlas that provides information on hundreds of human brain cells that are freely available for study. The AP reports that the institute hopes to provide another novel method to study the brain, beyond scans and animal studies. They hope that the atlas will help further studies on conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease and autism.

According to the AP article, epilepsy patients are ideal for additional brain studies while they are undergoing treatment and monitoring for seizures. Because their brains are already hooked into 100 or more sensors, neuroscience researchers can monitor for more than seizures. Additionally, according to the AP, these patients don’t have a lot to do during this time. Dr. Joshua Rosenow of Northwestern University told AP reporters that, “It is rare that you have the opportunity to study the brain in such a detailed way in awake people.”

Source: Associated Press

About the Author
  • Tiffany grew up in Southern California, where she attended San Diego State University. She graduated with a degree in Biology with a marine emphasis, thanks to her love of the ocean and wildlife. With 13 years of science writing under her belt, she now works as a freelance writer in the Pacific Northwest.
You May Also Like
OCT 04, 2020
Cardiology
The Genetics of Body Fat May Shape Health Risks
OCT 04, 2020
The Genetics of Body Fat May Shape Health Risks
The work may help explain why men and women are at risk for different diseases and often respond to different treatments ...
OCT 08, 2020
Immunology
Air Pollution Particles Detected in the Placenta, Immune Cells Mop Them Up
OCT 08, 2020
Air Pollution Particles Detected in the Placenta, Immune Cells Mop Them Up
Tiny, black particles much like those found in polluted air have been found in the placentas of pregnant women, as repor ...
OCT 06, 2020
Microbiology
Scarlet Fever 'Superclones' Pose Rising Public Health Threat
OCT 06, 2020
Scarlet Fever 'Superclones' Pose Rising Public Health Threat
More than 100 years ago, the world faced waves of scarlet fever epidemics; between around 1820 and 1880 there were sever ...
OCT 14, 2020
Immunology
Happiness Linked to Heart Attack Risk
OCT 14, 2020
Happiness Linked to Heart Attack Risk
Asking patients questions about their personal lives could predict their future risk of a heart attack. A study, publish ...
OCT 17, 2020
Clinical & Molecular DX
Imaging Innovation Set to Ease the Pain of Osteoarthritis
OCT 17, 2020
Imaging Innovation Set to Ease the Pain of Osteoarthritis
In osteoarthritis, the joint cartilage that cushions bones begins to break down, causing debilitating pain and stiffness ...
OCT 22, 2020
Neuroscience
Placebos Impact Brain Patterns for Emotional Processing
OCT 22, 2020
Placebos Impact Brain Patterns for Emotional Processing
Researchers from Michigan State University have found that placebos reduce markers of emotional distress- even when the ...
Loading Comments...