MAY 04, 2017 6:12 PM PDT

Banning trans fats may cut these hospital stays

People living in places with laws banning or limiting trans fats in foods have fewer hospitalizations for stroke and heart attack than people living in places without these restrictions, a new study suggests.

Trans fatty acids, or trans fats, are commonly found in foods such as chips, crackers, fried foods, and baked goods. Minimal amounts of trans fat intake are linked to greater risk of cardiovascular disease, the leading cause of death worldwide.

In recent years, localities like New York City enacted policies to reduce trans fats in restaurants and other eateries. In 2018, an FDA ban on partially hydrogenated oil in foods, which will nearly eliminate dietary trans fat, takes effect nationwide.

To study the impact of restricting trans fats, Eric Brandt and coauthors compared outcomes for people living in New York counties with and without the restrictions. Using data from the state department of health and census estimates between 2002 and 2013, the researchers focused on hospital admissions for heart attack and stroke.

They found that three or more years after the restrictions were implemented, people living in areas with restrictions had significantly fewer hospitalizations for heart attack and stroke based on trends in similarly urban areas without the restrictions. The decline for the combined conditions was 6.2 percent.

“It is a pretty substantial decline,” says Brandt, a clinical fellow in cardiovascular medicine at Yale School of Medicine. “Our study highlights the power of public policy to impact the cardiovascular health of a population. Trans fats are deleterious for cardiovascular health, and minimizing or eliminating them from the diet can substantially reduce rates of heart attack and stroke.”

The study results point to the possibility of much more widespread benefit as the FDA’s measure—which restricts trans fats in all food—are due to take effect in 2018, says Brandt.

“Even though some companies have reduced the amount of trans fat in food,” Brandt says, “current FDA labeling guidelines allow up to 0.49 grams of trans fat per serving to be labeled as 0 grams, leaving consumers to scour labels for hidden trans fats, usually labeled as partially hydrogenated oils.”

“With the upcoming FDA regulation, people need not be so vigilant. A nationwide trans fat ban is a win for the millions of people at risk for cardiovascular disease,” he adds.

This article was originally published on futurity.org

About the Author
  • Futurity features the latest discoveries by scientists at top research universities in the US, UK, Canada, Europe, Asia, and Australia. The nonprofit site, which launched in 2009, is supported solely by its university partners (listed below) in an effort to share research news directly with the public.
You May Also Like
SEP 28, 2021
Clinical & Molecular DX
Black College Football Players More at Risk of Heart Conditions
SEP 28, 2021
Black College Football Players More at Risk of Heart Conditions
College football players may have an elevated risk of developing a heart condition where the left side of the heart beco ...
OCT 01, 2021
Microbiology
Understanding How the Gut Microbiome is Affected by Temperature
OCT 01, 2021
Understanding How the Gut Microbiome is Affected by Temperature
The gut microbiome has become an area of intense research focus in recent years. Genomic tools have enabled scientists t ...
OCT 04, 2021
Drug Discovery & Development
Tylenol During Pregnancy Linked to Developmental Disorders
OCT 04, 2021
Tylenol During Pregnancy Linked to Developmental Disorders
The use of common painkiller acetaminophen (APAP), also known as paracetamol and often sold as Tylenol, during pregnancy ...
OCT 07, 2021
Health & Medicine
A School-based Approach to Combatting Adolescent Obesity
OCT 07, 2021
A School-based Approach to Combatting Adolescent Obesity
It should come as no surprise that obesity is a significant public health concern associated with astronomical economic ...
OCT 17, 2021
Cardiology
Flu Vaccination Significantly Reduces Risk of Cardiac Events
OCT 17, 2021
Flu Vaccination Significantly Reduces Risk of Cardiac Events
The flu has been associated with a significantly increased risk of a cardiac event like heart attack or stroke.
OCT 19, 2021
Health & Medicine
Can a Blood Test Guide Prognosis for Traumatic Brain Injury?
OCT 19, 2021
Can a Blood Test Guide Prognosis for Traumatic Brain Injury?
Jim had been skateboarding since he was seven years old and spent hours a day practicing. He had been in local competiti ...
Loading Comments...