AUG 31, 2019 6:09 PM PDT

AI Not Ready To Predict Acute Kidney Injury

WRITTEN BY: Amanda Mikyska

Image source: Siemens Healthineers

 

An international group of scientists from the U.S. and U.K. published new research in Nature about the effectiveness of AI in predicting Acute Kidney Injury (AKI).  

AKI is a blockage of waste that is a deadly complication for hospital patients.  Using AI, the researchers aimed to able to detect early signs of the condition before traditional methods.  Giving hospitals a way to detect symptoms earlier could save lives and prevent permanent damage.  

The group gathered data from 703,782 patients, all between the ages of 18 and 90, who had suffered some form of AKI.  First, the data was fed to algorithm, which learned the earliest signs of an impeding AKI.  Then the researchers reran the algorithm as a prediction method to see how early and accurately it could predict the kidney condition.  

Results show that the technology still needs some work, with prediction accuracy only reaching 90% in the most severe cases.  In less severe the prediction accuracy slipped to 55.8%, and the algorithm resulted in two falsely predictions for every correctly predicted occurrence.  

The technology has the potential to save hospitals time, and therefore save lives.  AI was able to predict severe cases 48 hours in advance of traditional tests, giving hospital staff critical time to prevent or minimize injury.  

AKI usually occurs in hospitals, following other major health procedures.  Injury is caused by a blockage of waste which leaves the kidneys unable to balance fluid in the body, and ultimately damages other organs.  AKI progresses within hours or days, and emergency action must be taken to avoid permanent damage or death.

 

Sources: Nature, National Kidney Foundation, MedicalExpress

About the Author
  • Amanda graduated from the University of Massachusetts Boston with a degree in Biology. After working in research on creating biochemicals from genetically engineered yeast, she started freelance science writing while traveling the world. Now, Amanda is a Lab Manager and Research Assistant at the the University of Central Florida, studying the molecular phylogeny of parasitic wasps. She writes about the latest research in Neuroscience, Genetics & Genomics, and Immunology. Interested in working on solutions for food/water security, sustainable fuel, and sustainable farming. Amanda is an avid skier, podcast listener, and has run two triathlons.
You May Also Like
AUG 12, 2020
Immunology
Is Gluten Becoming More Immunoreactive?
AUG 12, 2020
Is Gluten Becoming More Immunoreactive?
In recent years, the number of people diagnosed with celiac disease has increased drastically, even with many undiagnose ...
SEP 11, 2020
Immunology
Could a Drug for Cats Treat COVID?
SEP 11, 2020
Could a Drug for Cats Treat COVID?
Canadian researchers have discovered that a drug used to treat coronavirus infections in cats shows promise in helping C ...
SEP 11, 2020
Immunology
Study Reveals Tumor Defense Mechanism... And How to Beat It
SEP 11, 2020
Study Reveals Tumor Defense Mechanism... And How to Beat It
  P53 is an infamous process gene at the core of the development of tumors.  When P53  functional, it pau ...
OCT 12, 2020
Drug Discovery & Development
Researchers Solve Key Problem for Cancer Immunotherapy
OCT 12, 2020
Researchers Solve Key Problem for Cancer Immunotherapy
Cancer immunotherapies are becoming increasingly promising as a standard-of-care treatment. However, despite their promi ...
OCT 22, 2020
Cell & Molecular Biology
How a Gene Variant Raises the Risk of Multiple Sclerosis
OCT 22, 2020
How a Gene Variant Raises the Risk of Multiple Sclerosis
Now that sequencing the whole human genome is easier, faster, and cheaper than it used to be, scientists have been able ...
NOV 16, 2020
Immunology
Australian COVID-19 vaccine is promising and could be released next year
NOV 16, 2020
Australian COVID-19 vaccine is promising and could be released next year
Pharmaceutical companies worldwide are racing to develop a COVID-19 vaccine that will hopefully end this pandemic and he ...
Loading Comments...