Many human diseases have a genetic component to them. There are over 6,000 genetic disorders, many of which are fatal or severely debilitating. A genetic disease is caused by a mutation in DNA and can be divided into 4 major groups: Single-gene mutation; Multiple genes mutations; Chromosomal changes and mitochondrial mutations.
The completion of Human Genome Project in 2003 has helped to identify genes associated with many genetic diseases. As a result, scientists were able to develop genetic testing which could confirm a diagnosis or a carrier state of the disease or predict future illness or even a response to therapy. There are currently over 2000 genetic tests available. In this infographic, we gathered information about the 10 most common genetic diseases.
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