MAY 22, 2018 09:56 AM PDT

10 Most Common Genetic Diseases

Many human diseases have a genetic component to them. There are over 6,000 genetic disorders, many of which are fatal or severely debilitating. A genetic disease is caused by a mutation in DNA and can be divided into 4 major groups: Single-gene mutation;  Multiple genes mutations; Chromosomal changes and mitochondrial mutations.


The completion of Human Genome Project in 2003 has helped to identify genes associated with many genetic diseases. As a result, scientists were able to develop genetic testing which could confirm a diagnosis or a carrier state of the disease or predict future illness or even a response to therapy. There are currently over 2000 genetic tests available. In this infographic, we gathered information about the 10 most common genetic diseases.

 

 

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About the Author
  • Content and marketing professional specializing in the biotech and life sciences industry. My scientific background includes immunology and molecular biology research, both in academia as well as in industry. A constant learner, who is fascinated by the forefront of science. Very excited to join Labroots’ team of writers.
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