JUN 11, 2015 2:56 PM PDT

You Are How You Stress

WRITTEN BY: Ilene Schneider
It's not the amount of stress people have but how they handle it. Researchers at Penn State say that acting positively when confronted by stressful situations could make the difference in long-term health.
How we react to stress may determine our longevity.
Measuring adults' reactions to stress and its impact on their bodies, the researchers determined that those who cannot be calm or cheerful when the minor stressors of everyday life seem to have elevated levels of inflammation. Women can be at higher risk. While inflammatory responses help the body to protect itself through the immune system, chronic inflammation can harm health and lead to obesity, heart disease and cancer. The researchers report their results about this phenomenon of affective reactivity, or emotional response, in a recent edition of Health Psychology, which is summarized in Medical News Today (http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/releases/295151.php).

According to Nancy Sin, postdoctoral fellow in the Center for Healthy Aging and Department of Biobehavioral Health, Penn State and her colleagues, the frequency of daily stressors was less important in terms of inflammation than the way a person reacted to the stressors. As she explained, "A person's frequency of stress may be less related to inflammation than responses to stress. It is how a person reacts to stress that is important."

Sin's stressed the important contributions of the effect of positive emotions in naturalistic stress processes. People who cannot regulate their responses could be at risk for certain age-related conditions, such as cardiovascular disease, frailty and cognitive decline, she said.

Jennifer E. Graham-Engeland, associate professor of biobehavioral health at Penn State, said that the study was "the first to link biomarkers of inflammation with positive mood responses to stressors in everyday life." After a sample of 872 adults from the National Study of Daily Experiences reported daily stressors and emotional reactions for eight consecutive days, blood samples were taken and assayed and subjects were interviewed by phone to rate their emotions and their stressors. Researchers calculated reactivity scores and predicted two markers of inflammation, Sin said. Stressors included "arguments and avoiding arguments at work, school or home; being discriminated against; a network stressor, i.e., a stressful event that happens to someone close to the subject; and other stressors."

Data came from the second wave of the Midlife in the United States Study, a national survey designed to determine health and well-being in midlife and older adulthood. The first national survey of Midlife Development in the U.S. (MIDUS) was conducted in 1995/96 by the MacArthur Foundation Research Network on Successful Midlife Development. Developed by a multidisciplinary team from fields of psychology, sociology, epidemiology, demography, anthropology, medicine and health care policy, the study attempted to "investigate the role of behavioral, psychological and social factors in accounting for age-related variations in health and well-being in a national sample of Americans." MIDUS, now beginning its third cohort, is funded by the National Institute on Aging, part of the National Institutes of Health (http://www.midus.wisc.edu/scopeofstudy.php).
About the Author
Ilene Schneider is the owner of Schneider the Writer, a firm that provides communications for health care, high technology and service enterprises. Her specialties include public relations, media relations, advertising, journalistic writing, editing, grant writing and corporate creativity consulting services. Prior to starting her own business in 1985, Ilene was editor of the Cleveland edition of TV Guide, associate editor of School Product News (Penton Publishing) and senior public relations representative at Beckman Instruments, Inc. She was profiled in a book, How to Open and Operate a Home-Based Writing Business and listed in Who's Who of American Women, Who's Who in Advertising and Who's Who in Media and Communications. She was the recipient of the Women in Communications, Inc. Clarion Award in advertising. A graduate of the University of Pennsylvania, Ilene and her family have lived in Irvine, California, since 1978.
You May Also Like
JUL 23, 2022
Health & Medicine
Detecting Covert Consciousness with EEG and Artificial Intelligence
JUL 23, 2022
Detecting Covert Consciousness with EEG and Artificial Intelligence
For those who appear totally unresponsive, researchers have discovered that signs of covert consciousness or subtle brai ...
AUG 02, 2022
Neuroscience
Could Common Viruses be Triggering Alzheimer's?
AUG 02, 2022
Could Common Viruses be Triggering Alzheimer's?
Recent allegations of research misconduct have called years of Alzheimer's research into question. The controversy surro ...
AUG 10, 2022
Neuroscience
Iron Buildup in the Brain Linked to Movement Disorders
AUG 10, 2022
Iron Buildup in the Brain Linked to Movement Disorders
A study published in JAMA Neurology indicated that iron overload disorder (the gene mutation responsible for hereditary ...
AUG 16, 2022
Neuroscience
Mental, Physical, Social Activities Linked to Lower Dementia Risk
AUG 16, 2022
Mental, Physical, Social Activities Linked to Lower Dementia Risk
Leisure activities such as reading a book or spending time with family and friends may reduce dementia risk. The corresp ...
AUG 22, 2022
Drug Discovery & Development
A quick fix for depression? Axsome Therapeutics develops fast-acting drug to treat major depressive disorder.
AUG 22, 2022
A quick fix for depression? Axsome Therapeutics develops fast-acting drug to treat major depressive disorder.
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a common mental health disorder. Recent data from the National Institute of Ment ...
SEP 14, 2022
Genetics & Genomics
Neurodegeneration is Linked to Jumping Genes
SEP 14, 2022
Neurodegeneration is Linked to Jumping Genes
Scientists are beginning to reveal the secrets of the long, repetitive sequences in the human genome that were once writ ...
Loading Comments...