OCT 15, 2018 6:52 PM PDT

Shelled Marine Creatures Face Worrisome Future Amid Acidifying Oceans

WRITTEN BY: Anthony Bouchard

Many shelled animals, including the humble sea snail, call the ocean their home. But as increased carbon dioxide levels make ocean water more acidic, these creatures will soon find that their home isn’t as habitable as it once was.

Shelled marine animals rely on their shell for protection from predators; but an acidifying ocean impacts the integrity of their shells, making them less effective at shielding the creature in question.

This photograph shows the difference between a sea shell from a typical ocean environment (top) compared with one from a more acidic ocean environment (bottom).

Image Credit: Ben Harvey/University of Tsukuba

Curious researchers from the University of Plymouth wanted to know what impact higher oceanic carbon dioxide levels would have on the seashells used by various marine animals, and so they conducted a multi-region analysis to find out. Their findings have been published this week in the journal Frontiers in Marine Science.

The study involved collecting shells from regions where oceanic CO2 levels were consistent with the norm and then collecting additional shells from areas where oceanic CO2 levels were higher and considered consistent with future predicted levels. The researchers then compared shells from both environments, and the results were alarming.

The shells collected from regions with higher CO2 levels were, on average, about one-third smaller than those gathered from areas with normal CO2 levels. Furthermore, computed tomography (CT) scanning revealed that they were thinner, chintzier, and smoother than those collected from the latter.

"Ocean acidification is a clear threat to marine life, acting as a stressor for many marine animals," explained study lead author Dr. Ben Harvey. "Here we found that the ability of the triton shells to produce and maintain their shells was hindered by ocean acidification, with the corrosive seawater making them smoother, thinner, and less dense."

Related: A critical biological process is being altered by ocean acidification

In some of the most notable examples, shells were dissolved enough that body tissue from the creature inside would have been exposed to the elements; this, along with the rest of the findings, paints an eerie picture for the future of shelled marine animals.

"The extensive dissolution of their shells has profound consequences for calcified animals into the future as it is not something they can biologically control, suggesting that some calcified species might be unable to adapt to the acidified seawater if carbon dioxide emissions continue to rise unchecked," Dr. Harvey added.

Related: Infographic: Ocean Acidification

If there’s one thing we can learn from this study, it’s that an acidifying ocean is no good for the wildlife that inhabits it; this is a problem that will negatively impact ecosystems and fisheries in the future as oceanic carbon dioxide levels continue increasing over time.  

Future studies could validate the findings by investigating other parts of the world to see if conditions are similar. Meanwhile, it’s up to humankind to do something about all the excess carbon we’re dumping into the environment.

Source: University of Plymouth, Frontiers in Marine Science

About the Author
  • Fascinated by scientific discoveries and media, Anthony found his way here at LabRoots, where he would be able to dabble in the two. Anthony is a technology junkie that has vast experience in computer systems and automobile mechanics, as opposite as those sound.
You May Also Like
APR 08, 2020
Earth & The Environment
APR 08, 2020
The Great Barrier Reef is Bleaching Again
Australia's Great Barrier Reef is going through another bleaching event; it's third in five years. The ARC Centr ...
APR 19, 2020
Plants & Animals
APR 19, 2020
Flamingos Understand the Value of Friendship
Most of the time, wild flamingos are observed in massive flocks as opposed to hanging out on their own. It’s evide ...
APR 28, 2020
Chemistry & Physics
APR 28, 2020
Carbon-Dating Ancient Pottery Just Got Easier
Carbon-dating Pottery Kitchenware Just Got Easier Pottery, especially vessels that our ancestors used to eat and drink w ...
MAY 03, 2020
Plants & Animals
MAY 03, 2020
Some Snakes Only Use Venomous Bites as a Last Resort
Snakes have a bad rap with people because so many species are known to bite when disturbed. An even smaller subset of sn ...
MAY 12, 2020
Plants & Animals
MAY 12, 2020
It's Not a Choice - Cats Need Meat
While you or I might have the freedom of deciding between a carnivorous diet or going all out vegetarian, not all a ...
MAY 20, 2020
Chemistry & Physics
MAY 20, 2020
Do cats or dogs better survive venomous snakebites?
Who do you think could better battle off a venomous snakebite - a dog or a cat? New research from the University of Quee ...
Loading Comments...