DEC 06, 2017 09:53 AM PST

Sumatran Tigers Impacted by Deforestation and Fragmentation

Deforestation around the globe has an adverse impact on the wildlife that depends on forests and jungles to survive. One of the creatures hit hard by the effects of deforestation is the Sumatran Tiger, which experts struggle to conserve to this day.

Meet the Sumatran Tiger.

Image Credit: Matthew Luskin via UC Berkley

The International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) lists the Sumatran Tiger as a critically-endangered species, merely one step above being extinct in the wild. While conservation efforts appear to be working, there are some grave concerns about the tiger’s future.

Researchers based out of the University of California, Berkley have published their concerns in the journal Nature Communications this week, highlighting contemporary issues regarding population densities.

Just like a whole host of other critically-endangered animal species, Sumatran Tigers reside in fragmented populations scattered throughout the wilderness. While some Sumatran Tiger populations are seeing density increases, we can't say the same about all of them.

Related: Giant pandas threatened by deforestation and fragmentation throughout Asia

The researchers spent more than a year tracking and studying the animals with camera traps and other means, but it wasn’t without its challenges. Sumatran Tigers are stealthy predators that evade getting noticed for a living; that said, they’re pros at dodging attention.

"Our results are a mixed bag," explained study lead author Matthew Luskin from the University of California, Berkeley. "The loss of key habitat is causing significant conservation challenges for Sumatra—and in particular for this critically endangered species."

From their data, they learned that the Sumatran Tiger’s habitat range spans more than 150 square kilometers and how population densities are up to 47% higher in pristine forest ranges than in those that have been mowed down by loggers.

“The erosion of large wilderness areas pushes Sumatran tigers one step closer to extinction,” Luskin continued. “We hope this serves as a wakeup call.”

Related: Critically-endangered Sumatran Tiger passes away at 'Death Zoo'

Deforestation creates a rift between breeding populations, fragmenting them into even smaller groups. Consequently, mating and reproduction efforts become more difficult for the species, which is a significant concern given just how few Sumatran Tigers remain in the wild today.

Given everything we know today, the crystal-clear circumstances put deforestation directly in the crosshairs of the smoking gun. Unfortunately, re-forestation isn’t likely to take place anytime soon; all we can do to protect Sumatran Tigers is preserve the remaining habitats.

“Safeguarding the remaining expanses of primary forests is now absolutely critical to ensuring tigers can persist indefinitely on Sumatra,” noted study co-author Mathias Tobler of San Diego Zoo Global. “If we are going to save Sumatran tigers in the wild, the time to act is now.”

Animal conservation is always tricky, but several motivated teams share a common goal and continue to work on the problem as we speak. Successful animal conservation starts with accurate data, and that's why studies like these remain imperative for the cause.

Source: University of California, Berkley

About the Author
  • Fascinated by scientific discoveries and media, Anthony found his way here at LabRoots, where he would be able to dabble in the two. Anthony is a technology junkie that has vast experience in computer systems and automobile mechanics, as opposite as those sound.
You May Also Like
AUG 21, 2018
Plants & Animals
AUG 21, 2018
Animals Have Changed a Lot Since Humans Began Breeding Them
People first started breeding animals about 10,000 years ago, and it’s safe to say that many bred animals have changed a lot since then. After people...
SEP 16, 2018
Plants & Animals
SEP 16, 2018
If You Thought T. Rex Was Big, Then Watch This
Dinosaur-themed Hollywood movies have hyped up Tyrannosaurus Rex, making it seem like the king of all dinosaurs. But realistically, T. Rex was quite small...
SEP 26, 2018
Plants & Animals
SEP 26, 2018
Climate Change Isn't the Leading Cause of Global Amphibian Decline; Humans Are
Around the globe, amphibians of all types are experiencing sharp population declines. Climate change has long been the primary rationalization for this unf...
OCT 24, 2018
Plants & Animals
OCT 24, 2018
Researchers Accidentally Discover a New Crocodile Species
In most cases, the discovery of a new animal species would be considered a positive finding in the scientific community. But the circumstances surrounding...
OCT 24, 2018
Videos
OCT 24, 2018
What are the Oilbirds?
The Oilbird (Steatornis caripensis) are practically bats except the fact that they are actually birds. More specifcially, they are a nocturnal frugivore in...
NOV 07, 2018
Chemistry & Physics
NOV 07, 2018
Why Are Fruit Flies Attracted to Rotting Fruit Smell?
Fruit flies are the staple pests in the kitchen during summer. As much as these unwelcomed guests enjoy sucking up sugary juice, they are actually more att...
Loading Comments...