AUG 19, 2015 1:03 PM PDT

Why Does the Moon Have a Dark Side and a Light Side?

WRITTEN BY: Anthony Bouchard

We see the moon just about every night that we’re outside and look up into the sky; it’s hard to miss being that it’s a huge white glowing ball reflecting the Sun’s light back at us here on Earth.
 
One thing that is seriously interesting about the moon is that the large space rock seems to have both a light side and a dark side – the near side is referred to as the 'light side' because it's the side of the moon that we can always see, while the far side is referred to as the ‘dark side’ that we can’t see because it’s never facing us.

The moon has a side that we never see from Earth, but why?
 
As the moon orbits the Earth, the Earth’s gravity clings on to one specific side of the moon, and that’s why the moon always looks the same. Because of this, we never get to see the other side of the moon from here on Earth.
 
Recently, NASA’s Deep Space Observatory sent back pictures to Earth from about 1 million miles away, showing what the dark side of the moon looked like from its perspective. These images showed the dark side of the moon in the highest detail that we’ve seen since the Soviets took pictures of the dark side of the moon with one of their own spacecraft in 1959.
 
Scientists were, as you might presume, expecting to see a similar appearance on the back side of the moon that we see on the side of the moon facing the Earth, but they were shocked to see what they actually had found to be a polar opposite.


 
“When scientists saw the pictures, they were shocked,” a scientist speaking for Science Channel explains. “The far side looked completely different than the near side. It’s saturated with craters. It just was such a huge dichotomy; no one was expecting that at all.”
 
One side seems to have traces of scarring that appears to be the result of lava coming up to the surface and cooling and then drying, while the other side seems to be completely white without any such scarring.
 
Notably, both sides of the moon have impact craters from asteroids and other space rocks, but scientists believe that one side of the moon might have a thicker crust than the other, which would explain why one side has lava scarring and the other side does not.
 
Scientists believe that the reason one side of the moon’s crust is thicker than the other, is because at one point, probably 4.5 billion years ago, there was a second smaller moon tailgating our larger moon that exists today, and eventually, it crashed into the larger moon, causing one side of the moon to obtain what is essentially a ‘new’ layer of crust.
 
This is what would make up what we know as the ‘dark side’ of the moon today, which has essentially no lava flow scarring despite the craters in the surface.

Source: Science Channel

About the Author
  • Fascinated by scientific discoveries and media, Anthony found his way here at LabRoots, where he would be able to dabble in the two. Anthony is a technology junkie that has vast experience in computer systems and automobile mechanics, as opposite as those sound.
You May Also Like
JUL 10, 2020
Space & Astronomy
Astronomers Spot 4 Mysterious Circular Objects in Space
JUL 10, 2020
Astronomers Spot 4 Mysterious Circular Objects in Space
Scientists have spotted a new kind of signal in space- four strange, circular objects. Three are particularly bright aro ...
SEP 17, 2020
Space & Astronomy
What the Sun's New Weather Cycle Means for Earth
SEP 17, 2020
What the Sun's New Weather Cycle Means for Earth
Scientists have confirmed that the sun is nine months into a new solar cycle, and that this 11-year cycle will resemble ...
SEP 24, 2020
Chemistry & Physics
Turning Pulsars into Deep Space Beacons
SEP 24, 2020
Turning Pulsars into Deep Space Beacons
Navigating beyond Earth's orbit is tricky. Any misstep in movement could lead to the crushes of space probes and ves ...
OCT 21, 2020
Space & Astronomy
Why Some Astronauts Get Blurry Vision After Spaceflight
OCT 21, 2020
Why Some Astronauts Get Blurry Vision After Spaceflight
Researchers from the University of Antwerp in Belgium have found that the fluid surrounding the brain, known as craniosp ...
NOV 14, 2020
Space & Astronomy
Evidence of Supernovae Found in Ancient Tree Rings
NOV 14, 2020
Evidence of Supernovae Found in Ancient Tree Rings
Researchers from the University of Colorado Boulder have found that the rings in Earth's ancient trees may hold evid ...
NOV 20, 2020
Chemistry & Physics
The Passing of a Neutrino Hunting Pioneer
NOV 20, 2020
The Passing of a Neutrino Hunting Pioneer
Masatoshi Koshiba, a revered Japanese physicist known for his groundbreaking work on cosmic neutrino detection, passed a ...
Loading Comments...