APR 15, 2018 5:29 PM PDT

Behind the Scenes at NASA's Latest Space Habitat Simulator

WRITTEN BY: Anthony Bouchard

While space agencies may send astronauts to the International Space Station on a regular basis, it’s a bit more complicated to send astronauts on long-term missions to other planets in the solar system, such as Mars.

An artist's impression of astronauts walking on Mars.

Other planets have vastly-different environments than the one we’re used to here on Earth. That said, space agencies will need to develop specialized habitation modules for human visitors that embark on interplanetary missions. On the other hand, accomplishing such a feat is easier said than done.

Some of the primary concerns encompassing such a task includes developing a habitat with enough room for multiple astronauts and ensuring that they can all get along with one another for an extended period. With that in mind, NASA often conducts habitation module tests right here on Earth to study how things might pan out on a real mission.

While many are probably familiar with NASA’s MDRS (Mars Desert Research Station) in the middle of the desert in Utah, the space agency now appears to be partnering with the University of Massachusetts Amherst for its next chapter of experimentation.

HERA is a testing facility at NASA's Johnson Space Center that will help the space agency learn more about human behavior during long-term space missions.

Image Credit: University of Massachusetts Amherst

Meet HERA (Human Exploration Research Analog), a three-story mock-habitation module at NASA’s Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas where geoscientist Will Daniels will spend 45 days closed off from the real world with three other participants. 

“I’d love to be an astronaut, and for some, participating in a research analog mission like HERA is an important stepping stone to becoming an astronaut,” Daniels said in a statement.

“In any case, I’m really happy to be able to contribute to the research on human adaptations during space travel and exploration. I’m really, really excited, and a little nervous.”

Related: Infographic: How close are we to colonizing Mars?

Like other similar experiments, HERA will help the space agency study human behavior and interaction during long-term space missions. The goal is to identify and resolve potential issues that could arise.

The participants will spend all 45 days cooped up inside of the habitation module just as they would if they were actually on another planet. There, they’ll live in cramped quarters just like astronauts on the International Space Station; they’ll eat similar food, practice stringent hygiene procedures, and live with limited communication to the outside world, among other things. All the while, NASA will actively monitor the participants.

“I’m nervous about getting along in confined space with the other crew members, and I wonder what it will be like not to be able to go outside for 45 days,” Daniels added.

“I think Ground Control is going to keep us pretty busy, but I’m bringing books and board games in case there’s downtime. We won’t have email or any usual contact with the outside world, but I do get to call my mom in Minnesota for 15 minutes every other week.”

Related: These are NASA's plans for sending humans to Mars

Daniels and the other HERA participants will emerge from the habitation module on June 25th. If all goes well, then NASA should end up with a wealth of valuable data that could contribute to a more comfortable way of life for astronauts in the future.

It should be interesting to see what we’ll learn from HERA and other related experiments as we inch closer toward a future where astronauts walk the red planet’s surface. Only time will tell…

Source: University of Massachusetts Amherst

About the Author
  • Fascinated by scientific discoveries and media, Anthony found his way here at LabRoots, where he would be able to dabble in the two. Anthony is a technology junkie that has vast experience in computer systems and automobile mechanics, as opposite as those sound.
You May Also Like
NOV 06, 2020
Space & Astronomy
300 Million Planets in the Milky Way May Be Habitable
NOV 06, 2020
300 Million Planets in the Milky Way May Be Habitable
Researchers have found that there could be at least 300 million habitable worlds in the Milky Way galaxy. This could mea ...
NOV 07, 2020
Space & Astronomy
Scientists Detect Origin of Fast Radio Burst in Milky Way
NOV 07, 2020
Scientists Detect Origin of Fast Radio Burst in Milky Way
Scientists have identified a burst of cosmic radio waves- intense flashes of radio emission that last just a few millise ...
JAN 04, 2021
Space & Astronomy
Did Intelligent Civilizations Roam Our Galaxy 5 Billion Years Ago?
JAN 04, 2021
Did Intelligent Civilizations Roam Our Galaxy 5 Billion Years Ago?
Researchers have found that there were likely many intelligent alien civilizations sprawled across our galaxy billions o ...
JAN 06, 2021
Space & Astronomy
Settling the Debate Over the Age of the Universe
JAN 06, 2021
Settling the Debate Over the Age of the Universe
Astronomers have used powerful telescopes high in the Atacama desert to evaluate estimates of the age of the universe. T ...
MAR 06, 2021
Space & Astronomy
Earth's Hot Neighbor Is the Stuff of Astronomers' Dreams
MAR 06, 2021
Earth's Hot Neighbor Is the Stuff of Astronomers' Dreams
This image by RenderArea is an artistic impression of the surface of a newly discovered, scorching hot, rocky, super-Ear ...
JUN 08, 2021
Space & Astronomy
Physicists Find Definitive Proof of What Causes the Northern Lights
JUN 08, 2021
Physicists Find Definitive Proof of What Causes the Northern Lights
The auroras that are the northern lights have captured the imagination of people for thousands of years. While theories ...
Loading Comments...