APR 24, 2019 11:48 AM PDT

Development of High-Quality Laser Beam Shaping

WRITTEN BY: Nouran Amin

In a study published in Scientific Reports, scientists from Osaka University have developed a new technique for improving the accuracy of laser beam shaping--which is critical for producing the desired shapes to respond to various needs. Current conventional methods of laser beam shaping include Diffractive Optical Element (DOE) and computer-generated hologram (CGH) as a typical adaptive method—both however result in wavefronts becoming deformed after shaping.

Square flattop beam profiles made by: (a) Diffractive Optical Element (DOE), (b) vertical phase grating (conventional method), (c) virtual diagonal phase grating (new method). Credit: © 2019 Nakata Y. et al., Scientific Reports

However, recent studies have developed a universal beam shaping technique at high accuracy to be used for various lasers from ultraviolet to near-infrared domain. The new method for adaptive laser beam shaping uses phase grating encoded on a spatial light modulator (SLM) with spatial-frequency filtering in the Fourier plane in a 4f system.

Watch this video below of a conventional method of laser beam shaping:

The method involves extracted and residual components to overlap through a virtual diagonal phase grating in the Fourier plane which cuts the high spatial-frequency (HSF) component from the extracted component and limits the flatness and the edge steepness of the resultant beam shape.

Corresponding author Yoshiki Nakata says, "Our method, which allows for optimization of beam shaping by improving resolution and accuracy, will contribute to a wide field, including basic research, manufacturing and medical engineering. In conventional beam shaping systems, beam shaping accuracy can be significantly enhanced at no extra cost simply by changing the spatial frequency filter and phase grating encoded on an SLM."

Source: Science Daily

About the Author
  • Nouran is a scientist, educator, and life-long learner with a passion for making science more communicable. When not busy in the lab isolating blood macrophages, she enjoys writing on various STEM topics.
You May Also Like
APR 03, 2021
Technology
Social Media Addiction is Linked To Cyberbullying
APR 03, 2021
Social Media Addiction is Linked To Cyberbullying
Children and teens are spending most of their time on social media platforms like Instagram and TikTok. Now, researchers ...
MAY 27, 2021
Technology
High Amounts of TV Watching for Middle-aged Adults Could Cause Cognitive Decline
MAY 27, 2021
High Amounts of TV Watching for Middle-aged Adults Could Cause Cognitive Decline
How often do you watch T.V. each week? Each day? It turns out, the amount of T.V. you watch as a middle-aged adult could ...
JUN 16, 2021
Space & Astronomy
Mapping the Boundaries of the Heliosphere
JUN 16, 2021
Mapping the Boundaries of the Heliosphere
Earth and the planets in the solar system sit within the heliosphere, a giant bubble formed by the charged particles, li ...
JUL 13, 2021
Clinical & Molecular DX
Friend or Foe? New Cancer-Tracking Pen Guides Surgeons.
JUL 13, 2021
Friend or Foe? New Cancer-Tracking Pen Guides Surgeons.
Researchers have developed the first diagnostic “pen” that acts as a guide for surgeons, helping them distin ...
JUL 16, 2021
Technology
Echocardiogram May Help Predict COVID-19 Patients at Risk for Heart Complications
JUL 16, 2021
Echocardiogram May Help Predict COVID-19 Patients at Risk for Heart Complications
Researchers learned early on in the pandemic that COVID-19 infections caused a range of complications throughout the bod ...
JUL 27, 2021
Clinical & Molecular DX
Thumb-Sized Device Tells You if Your Breath Stinks
JUL 27, 2021
Thumb-Sized Device Tells You if Your Breath Stinks
People generally can’t smell their own breath. So, for individuals with halitosis—or bad breath—friend ...
Loading Comments...