MAY 13, 2022 10:00 AM PDT

From seawater to drinking water, with the push of a button!

The average human body is made up of between 55-60% water. It is literally the most essential substance for our very survival. While 70% of the world is covered in water, only 3% is fresh water and two-thirds of that is tucked away in frozen glaciers or otherwise unavailable for our use. This leaves a meager 1% of freshwater available for our very survival. While desalinization plants are on the rise to help combat this shortage in freshwater, their average operating costs in the United States are approximately $50 million per year. This makes it more important to establish cheaper desalinization methods for the long-term. But imagine being able to seawater to fresh drinking water at the push of a button instead of relying on big expensive production plants to do it for you.

This is exactly what researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) have done, as revealed in a new study in Environmental Science & Technology. They have developed a portable desalination unit, weighing less than 10 kilograms (22 pounds), that can remove particles and salts to generate drinking water. Tired of those desalinization production plants polluting the environment? Get yourself a desalinization suitcase! This bad boy requires less power to operate than a cell phone charger, can also be driven by a small, portable solar panel, which can be purchased online for around $50. It automatically generates drinking water that exceeds World Health Organization quality standards. The technology is packaged into a user-friendly device that runs with the push of one button. How awesome is that?! Tired of constantly replacing water filters? Unlike other portable desalination units that require water to pass through filters, this device utilizes electrical power to remove particles from drinking water. Eliminating the need for replacement filters greatly reduces the long-term maintenance requirements. What a bargain!

"This is really the culmination of a 10-year journey that I and my group have been on. We worked for years on the physics behind individual desalination processes, but pushing all those advances into a box, building a system, and demonstrating it in the ocean, that was a really meaningful and rewarding experience for me," says co-author Jongyoon Han, a professor of electrical engineering and computer science and of biological engineering, and a member of the Research Laboratory of Electronics (RLE). The study’s lead author, Junghyo Yoon, a research scientist in RLE, hopes to make the device more user-friendly and improve its energy efficiency and production rate through a startup he plans to launch to commercialize the technology.

"Right now, we are pushing our research to scale up that production rate," Yoon says. This is definitely an exciting project, and I am proud of the progress we have made so far, but there is still a lot of work to do.”

Just imagine a day when desalinization plants are a thing of the past, where you can desalinize your own water at literally the push of a button! As technology continues to improve, so will our chances of having a much better planet in the future!

As always, keep doing science & keep looking up!

Sources: United States Geological Survey, World Wildlife Fund, Yale School of the Environment, Advisian, Environmental Science & Technology, United Nations Environment Programme

MSc in Geological Sciences
Laurence Tognetti is a six-year USAF Veteran who earned both a BSc and MSc from the School of Earth and Space Exploration at Arizona State University. Laurence is extremely passionate about outer space and science communication, and is the author of “Outer Solar System Moons: Your Personal 3D Journey”.
You May Also Like
MAR 22, 2022
Technology
Reducing "Foreign Body Reactions" to Implantable Devices
MAR 22, 2022
Reducing "Foreign Body Reactions" to Implantable Devices
Implantable devices have proven useful for a range of health conditions. For example, pacemakers, implantable insulin pu ...
MAR 31, 2022
Genetics & Genomics
New Genetic Test Rapidly IDs Over 50 Difficult-to-Diagnose Disorders
MAR 31, 2022
New Genetic Test Rapidly IDs Over 50 Difficult-to-Diagnose Disorders
Only a few decades ago, people suffering from genetic disorders were left to wonder what was causing their health proble ...
APR 13, 2022
Chemistry & Physics
ISS Welcomes Their First Private Mission Crew
APR 13, 2022
ISS Welcomes Their First Private Mission Crew
On April 9th, 2022, the International Space Station welcomed its very first private guests, marking the beginning of a n ...
APR 14, 2022
Earth & The Environment
Confirmation Bias or Captivating Discovery? Paleontology at the Tanis Site, North Dakota
APR 14, 2022
Confirmation Bias or Captivating Discovery? Paleontology at the Tanis Site, North Dakota
In 2020, when I was still working at a small natural history museum in Hot Springs, South Dakota, I started to hear whis ...
MAY 13, 2022
Health & Medicine
Oldest Brain Surgery in North America
MAY 13, 2022
Oldest Brain Surgery in North America
A hole in the forehead of an old skull from northwest Alabama may not seem significant, but this is no ordinary hole. Th ...
MAY 19, 2022
Chemistry & Physics
Astronomers Photographed the Black Hole at the Center of Our Galaxy
MAY 19, 2022
Astronomers Photographed the Black Hole at the Center of Our Galaxy
Sagittarius A* (Sgr A*), the supermassive black hole at the center of our own galaxy, was discovered about 50 years ago ...
Loading Comments...