AUG 08, 2017 04:04 PM PDT

What Does a Heat Stroke Do to Your Brain?

WRITTEN BY: Xuan Pham

As the summer continues to heat up, more and more people are flocking to the great outdoors to soak up the sun. But fun in the sun can turn deadly if a heat stroke occurs and isn't treated properly.

A heat stroke is a condition when the body's core temperature reaches 104 degrees Fahrenheit and above. At this high temperature (more than 5.4 degrees Fahrenheit above our normal body temperature), the brain and other vital organs begin to sustain damage. In fact, heat strokes are considered the most serious form of heat injury and must be treated as a medical emergency. Without prompt and proper treatment, permanent brain damage and death could result in a short period of time.

Heat strokes are more common in the warmer weather. Some groups of people are more prone to heat strokes. These include athletes, outdoor workers, infants, and the elderly. Of note, young children are especially susceptible to heat strokes. It's estimated that 37 children die every year due to being trapped in vehicles.

Preventative measures include never leaving infants and children in cars unattended. Furthermore, when it is hot outside, everyone should be drinking plenty of fluids. And if possible, avoid extended periods of time in the heat, and have access to some ways to cool off.
About the Author
  • I am a human geneticist, passionate about telling stories to make science more engaging and approachable. Find more of my writing at the Hopkins BioMedical Odyssey blog and at TheGeneTwist.com.
You May Also Like
NOV 13, 2019
Plants & Animals
NOV 13, 2019
These Monkeys Thought a Troop Member Died, and Their Reactions Are Heartbreaking
Scientists carefully placed a high-detail animatronic ‘spy monkey’ near the site of a troop’s living quarters in an effort to gather info...
NOV 13, 2019
Plants & Animals
NOV 13, 2019
Hidden Cameras Capture Birds Stealing Shiny Things
It’s no secret that some birds like to collect shiny things. In the case of the humble bowerbird, males often build impressive twig structures and th...
NOV 13, 2019
Cardiology
NOV 13, 2019
Parkinson's Disease is Present in the Blood
Parkinson's disease is a progressive disorder of the nervous system. Often starting with a barely noticeable tremor in one hand, the disease affects a...
NOV 13, 2019
Space & Astronomy
NOV 13, 2019
SpaceX Will Need to Demonstrate a Dragon Capsule Abort for NASA
NASA’s Commercial Crew initiative enabled third-party contractors such as Boeing and SpaceX to develop platforms that may be used in future crewed mi...
NOV 13, 2019
Space & Astronomy
NOV 13, 2019
What You Need to Know About NASA's Upcoming WFIRST Space Telescope
There are several space telescopes observing the cosmos at the very time of this writing, and there are plans to launch even more of them in the near futur...
NOV 13, 2019
Plants & Animals
NOV 13, 2019
Have You Heard of the World's Most Trafficked Animal?
If you were asked what the world’s most trafficked animal was, what would you say? If you answered pangolin, then you’d be correct. Most people...
Loading Comments...