DEC 06, 2013 12:34 PM PST

Antibodies Explained



Antibodies of the immunoglobulin G class are Y-shaped glycoproteins that circulate in the bloodstream. They bind to and inactivate foreign molecules—the antigens—and mark them for destruction. Each IgG molecule consists of two light chains and two heavy chains. The heavy chains have carbohydrates attached. The regions of the antibody that bind to antigens are located at the very tips of the two arms...
About the Author
  • I love all things science and am passionate about bringing science to the public through writing. With an M.S. in Genetics and experience in cancer research, marketing and technical writing, it is a pleasure to share the latest trends and findings in science on LabRoots.
You May Also Like
SEP 29, 2018
Videos
SEP 29, 2018
CRISPR Technology may Have Serious Drawbacks
The CRISPR gene-editing system has been touted as a miraculous tool, but it has its problems....
OCT 01, 2018
Videos
OCT 01, 2018
Is Bigger Better?
Bigger is better, right? If you’re trying to insult someone you might call them a “pea brain” or tell them they have a “bird brain,...
OCT 10, 2018
Videos
OCT 10, 2018
It Matters How Young You Start Using Cannabis
If the brain's endocannabinoid system is constantly disrupted with cannabis while developing it can affect mood, motivation, learning and how memo...
OCT 11, 2018
Videos
OCT 11, 2018
How Iceland is growing forests for the first time in a millennium
Iceland is perhaps one of the worst cases of deforestation that the world has seen. Over the last 1,000 years, the country's forests have been felled f...
OCT 14, 2018
Videos
OCT 14, 2018
Why Don't Salt Substitutes Exist?
The basic table salt is composed of sodium chloride which dissociate into two separate ions: sodium serving as the cation (a positively charged ion) and ch...
OCT 14, 2018
Videos
OCT 14, 2018
An Ancient Genetic Element can Help Fight Cancer
Researchers have been trying a variety of ways to boost the immune system we all have so it's able to fight off cancer....
Loading Comments...