DEC 06, 2013 12:34 PM PST

Antibodies Explained

WRITTEN BY: Jennifer Ellis


Antibodies of the immunoglobulin G class are Y-shaped glycoproteins that circulate in the bloodstream. They bind to and inactivate foreign molecules—the antigens—and mark them for destruction. Each IgG molecule consists of two light chains and two heavy chains. The heavy chains have carbohydrates attached. The regions of the antibody that bind to antigens are located at the very tips of the two arms...
About the Author
  • I love all things science and am passionate about bringing science to the public through writing. With an M.S. in Genetics and experience in cancer research, marketing and technical writing, it is a pleasure to share the latest trends and findings in science on LabRoots.
You May Also Like
JAN 27, 2020
Plants & Animals
JAN 27, 2020
This Octopus Emerges From the Water in Search of Food
Most octopuses live and breathe underwater, just like the vast majority of other marine animals. But this octopus endemic to Australia has a special abilit...
FEB 09, 2020
Space & Astronomy
FEB 09, 2020
Here's Why NASA Needs Another Space Station Orbiting the Moon
NASA already has the International Space Station at its disposal, and with that in mind, many have come to question why the American space agency plans to...
FEB 18, 2020
Plants & Animals
FEB 18, 2020
This Wasp Turns Cockroaches Into Zombies for its Larvae
We can’t think of anyone that likes cockroaches, but one insect in particular seems to scout them out specifically for its own bizarre reasons. The e...
MAR 01, 2020
Plants & Animals
MAR 01, 2020
These Insects Blend in with the Leaves They Cling to
There are a lot of animals on Earth that use camouflage to blend in with their surroundings, but perhaps one of the better examples of this in action is th...
MAR 05, 2020
Earth & The Environment
MAR 05, 2020
Beaches Could Disappear Because of Climate Change
A study published earlier this week in Nature Climate Change reports that effective climate action is needed to prevent 40% of erosion threatening the worl...
MAR 12, 2020
Chemistry & Physics
MAR 12, 2020
Reality Splits and Many Worlds: What Can Schrodinger's Cat Teach Us About Quantum Physics?
Erwin Schroedinger, a Nobel-winning physicist and quantum mechanics pioneer, developed a set of concepts that are fundamental to how we understand the micr...
Loading Comments...