DEC 06, 2013 12:34 PM PST

Antibodies Explained

WRITTEN BY: Jennifer Ellis


Antibodies of the immunoglobulin G class are Y-shaped glycoproteins that circulate in the bloodstream. They bind to and inactivate foreign molecules—the antigens—and mark them for destruction. Each IgG molecule consists of two light chains and two heavy chains. The heavy chains have carbohydrates attached. The regions of the antibody that bind to antigens are located at the very tips of the two arms...
About the Author
  • I love all things science and am passionate about bringing science to the public through writing. With an M.S. in Genetics and experience in cancer research, marketing and technical writing, it is a pleasure to share the latest trends and findings in science on LabRoots.
You May Also Like
MAY 24, 2020
Plants & Animals
Bees May 'Trick' Plants Into Flowering When Pollen is Scarce
MAY 24, 2020
Bees May 'Trick' Plants Into Flowering When Pollen is Scarce
It’s no secret that bumblebees depend heavily on pollen for their unique worker-centric lifestyles. In fact, whene ...
JUN 26, 2020
Drug Discovery & Development
Bacterial Virus May Treat and Prevent COVID-19 Infections
JUN 26, 2020
Bacterial Virus May Treat and Prevent COVID-19 Infections
Researchers say that a type of virus known to infect bacteria could be used to treat and prevent COVID-19 bacterial infe ...
JUN 26, 2020
Neuroscience
Artificial and Natural Neurons Communicate Using Dopamine
JUN 26, 2020
Artificial and Natural Neurons Communicate Using Dopamine
Researchers from Stanford University have shown that artificial neurons can communicate with biological neurons with dop ...
JUN 30, 2020
Chemistry & Physics
Axion: Could the Curious Particle "Kill Two Birds with One Stone"
JUN 30, 2020
Axion: Could the Curious Particle "Kill Two Birds with One Stone"
Physicists often ponder in an unusual way: they use one unsolved problem as a hypothetic solution to another, hoping to ...
JUL 20, 2020
Space & Astronomy
How Do Astronauts Have Fun in Space?
JUL 20, 2020
How Do Astronauts Have Fun in Space?
Scientists who inhabit the International Space Station (ISS) typically have 12-hour shifts. These include two and a half ...
JUL 31, 2020
Space & Astronomy
Light from the Big Bang Reveals Age of the Universe
JUL 31, 2020
Light from the Big Bang Reveals Age of the Universe
From analyzing ancient light emitted by the Big Bang, physicists have been able to provide a new estimate of the Earth&# ...
Loading Comments...