APR 02, 2016 02:26 PM PDT

8 Terrifying Effects Sugar Has On Your Body


Added sugar damages our liver, messes up our metabolism, impairs brain function, and causes wrinkles.

It is the type of sugar that is added to processed foods and drinks to improve the flavor, texture or color of a food or drink. Added sugar and natural sugars are very different. According to University of Vermont professor Rachel K. Johnson, "It's almost impossible to over consume fructose by eating too much fruit." For instance, you would need to eat 6 cups of strawberries to consume the same amount of fructose as in one can of Coke.

This type of sugar provides little to no nutritional value. It does, however, provide an excessive amount of calories. The average American consumes about 32 teaspoons of added sugar every day. Eight of those teaspoons are from high-fructose corn syrup. Those 32 teaspoons of sugar add up to 27 pounds each year.

Glucose and fructose are the two molecules that make up sugar. Every cell in the body can metabolize glucose, and our bodies will make it if we don't consume it. Only the liver can metabolize fructose. The liver turns fructose into glycogen, the stored form of glucose in the liver. When the liver has stored the maximum amount of glycogen possible, the excess fructose gets turned into fat.

In terms of what kind of fat, over consuming added sugar increases your level of triglycerides. Triglycerides are a type of fat found in your bloodstream. Having too many triglycerides raises your risk of developing certain diseases, such as cardiovascular disease and coronary artery disease. Your liver becomes resistant to insulin, which in turn causes obesity, metabolic syndrome, and other diseases.

Overeating sugar can also make our skin dull and cause wrinkles due to a process called glycation. Glycation is the process in which sugar in your bloodstream attaches to proteins to form advanced glycation end products (AGEs). AGEs are harmful molecules that accumulate and damage adjacent proteins (like a domino-effect). Collagen and elastin are both vulnerable to AGEs.

Now that you understand (or have been reminded) of some of the harmful effects sugar has on the body, you might want to cut back. Consider buying foods that are "unsweetened" or have "no added sugar." Try drinking only water. Ultimately, it's up to you to be aware of what's in the food you're eating.
About the Author
  • Julianne (@JuliChiaet) covers health and medicine for LabRoots. Her work has been published in The Daily Beast, Scientific American, and MailOnline. While primarily a science journalist, she has also covered culture and Japanese organized crime. She is the New York Board Representative for the Asian American Journalists Association (AAJA). • To read more of her writing, or to send her a message, go to Jchiaet.com
You May Also Like
SEP 26, 2018
Cannabis Sciences
SEP 26, 2018
Marijuana Helps Opioid Addicts Stay in Treatment
Chronic marijuana use appears to help opioid addicts stay on their anti-opioid treatment regimen. At least that's according to a new study published in...
SEP 30, 2018
Microbiology
SEP 30, 2018
These Microscopic Things Elude Our Eyes Every Day
We take much of what we can see for granted, but if your eyes had the observational power of a microscope, you’d probably look at the world very diff...
OCT 02, 2018
Videos
OCT 02, 2018
Learning how Bacterial Chemicals Impact Human Health
We play host to a huge number of microbes, and all the chemicals that they produce....
OCT 04, 2018
Videos
OCT 04, 2018
Understanding Fibromyalgia
Many people wonder exactly what causes Fibromyalgia, since there was never a definite answer, some question if the disease is even real despite the pain be...
OCT 07, 2018
Health & Medicine
OCT 07, 2018
The Myth Behind Being Double-Jointed
Every so often, you might come across the occasional show-off that flexes their bodies in unusual ways and claims to be “double-jointed.” But i...
OCT 08, 2018
Videos
OCT 08, 2018
What Is Brain Hacking and What Can We Do With It?
What exactly is “brain hacking?” Well, it sounds nefarious, but it’s actually about connecting the brain to external devices and monitors...
Loading Comments...