JUN 04, 2016 4:51 PM PDT

Heat Stroke: Symptoms, Treatment, and Prevention

WRITTEN BY: Julianne Chiaet

We often call heat stroke "sunstroke," but it's not specifically caused by direct exposure to the sun. A person can get heat stroke from spending prolonged time in the heat. Heat stroke is considered a medical emergency that can kill or cause damage to the brain and other organs. It mostly affects those over 50-years-old but the condition has hurt many young healthy athletes as well. A person usually experiences a progression of symptoms leading up to heatstroke. These symptoms include heat cramps, nausea, disorientation, a throbbing headache, and shallow breathing. The defining symptom of heat stroke is a core body temperature of over 105 degrees Fahrenheit. If possible, implement cooling strategies to lower the person's body temperature to 101 to 102 degrees. These strategies include putting ice packs on the patient's neck and other areas that have many blood vessels close to the skin.

The risk of heat stroke increases when the temperature is over 90 degrees Fahrenheit. With the summer months ahead, it's important to stay extra hydrated, wear lightweight, light-colored, and loose-fitted clothing. Wear a hat and sunscreen and try to reschedule outside active activities to the coolest time of the day.
About the Author
  • Julianne (@JuliChiaet) covers health and medicine for LabRoots. Her work has been published in The Daily Beast, Scientific American, and MailOnline. While primarily a science journalist, she has also covered culture and Japanese organized crime. She is the New York Board Representative for the Asian American Journalists Association (AAJA). • To read more of her writing, or to send her a message, go to Jchiaet.com
You May Also Like
DEC 10, 2019
Plants & Animals
DEC 10, 2019
The Real Reason Why Flamingos Are Pink
Flamingos are highly discernable birds best known for their bright pink appearance and long, thin legs. But have you ever wondered why these birds are the...
DEC 23, 2019
Plants & Animals
DEC 23, 2019
The Captivating Mating Process of a Jumping Spider
When you’re a male jumping spider and you fancy finding a female to mate with, you might try your hand – or in this case paddle – at impr...
DEC 23, 2019
Plants & Animals
DEC 23, 2019
Brave Ant Explorers Engage a Termite Colony
Ants and termites have known their place as bitter rivals in the animal kingdom for more than 150 million years. Even today, as populations peak at some of...
JAN 26, 2020
Space & Astronomy
JAN 26, 2020
How Much Do You Know About the Planet Mercury?
Mercury is the solar system’s smallest planet, and it’s also the one residing closest to the Sun. But while Mercury is commonly shrugged off as...
JAN 28, 2020
Plants & Animals
JAN 28, 2020
A Slug Does All it Can to Defend Against Hungry Ants
Slugs are slow, and this makes them easy targets for predators however big or small they might be. Here, we see that a slug has been spotted by a hungry co...
FEB 04, 2020
Plants & Animals
FEB 04, 2020
Different Predators Work Together to Corral a Swarm of Sardines
When large schools of sardines materialize in the oceans, it can be a spectacular sight. In some cases, however, the sight can be so spectacular that it me...
Loading Comments...