She joined the faculty of MIT in 2015. Prior to MIT, she was a Postdoctoral Fellow of the Center for Molecular Analysis and Design at Stanford University, where she worked with Prof. W.E. Moerner. Dr. Schlau-Cohen received her PhD in Physical Chemistry in 2011 from the University of California, Berkeley, where she worked in the lab of Prof. Graham Fleming as an AAUW American Fellow. She received a B.S. with honors in Chemical Physics in 2003 from Brown University. She is the recipient of a NIH Director's New Innovator Award, the Beckman Young Investigator Award, the Smith Family Award for Excellence in Biomedical Research, the Sloan Research Fellowship in Chemistry and she was selected as a CIFAR Azrieli Global Scholar.