Technological advances allow for the large scale sequencing of the whole human genome. Most studies have generated population-based information on human diversity using low to intermediate coverage of the genome (4x to 20x sequencing depth). The recent release of the Illumina HiseqX-Ten allows the sequencing of up to 160 genomes at 30x mean depth in 3 day cycles, at an average cost of $1,000 to $2,000 per genome. We evaluated the capabilities of this new technology by sequencing 10,545 human genomes at high depth. This allowed for the development of a reliable representation of human single nucleotide variation, the reporting of clinically relevant single nucleotide variants and the identification of additional non-reference and of putative human-like sequences.
1. Evaluating the impact of deep sequencing for the reporting on single genomes
2. Understanding the pace of discovery afforded by large scale sequencing of human genomes