JUL 30, 2018 3:00 PM PDT

Challenges Coming to a Cancer Diagnosis in the UK

WRITTEN BY: Mauri Brueggeman

England’s National Health Service (NHS) published their 2017 Cancer Patient Experience Survey earlier this year; many patients indicated being well served and felt positively about their experience but there were some areas of concern as well.

This Cancer Patient Experience survey has been conducted annually for the past 7 years, starting back in 2010.  The goal was to monitor national progress on cancer care from the patient perspective.  There were determined to be over 110,000 cancer patients available for the survey and over 69,000 responded (63% response rate). 

After data was collected, it was compared and analyzed from multiple perspectives; it was in this comparison that one area has drawn some attention.  One question, number 1 in fact, asked patients how often they saw their general practitioner about the health problem caused by cancer?  The purpose of this question was to get at how long did it take for a patient’s complaint, which was ultimately tied to a cancer diagnosis, to be referred to a specialist or hospital?  The root of this issue being the challenge that General Practitioners (GP) face in filtering a lot of information across the whole physiological spectrum of humans to pinpoint symptoms with a particular diagnosis.  The data on this question was aligned by type of cancer category (there were 13 total categories based on the location of the primary tumor/cancer).

Turns out that of the 11,000 patients with a hematological cancer (cancer of the blood), nearly 11 percent had to see their family doctor 5 or more times before the symptoms matched up with the diagnosis.  When those that had to see their family doctor 3 or 4 more times is combined with those that made more than 5 visits, the percentage of patients affected jumps to over 27%.  That is more than a quarter of patients.  This was much higher than for other categories of cancer.  The next closest category of cancer to this percentage was bone and soft tissue sarcomas at 26%, and 23% for lung cancers.  Overall, the total percentage for all cancer diagnoses that took 3 or more visits to a GP was 17%. 

Healthcare advocates in the UK might consider further education or updates for GPs on symptoms of these particular cancers as an intervention aimed at bettering these numbers for the future; while definitely a good idea for any provider, hopefully those looking at this will also recognize the challenge that GPs face in making a diagnosis or referral for cancers like these.  First, a GP is not a specialist by trade but has to be the “handyman” for healthcare.  The GP knowledge base must be both broad AND detailed in all areas of the human body.  It is only getting more challenging with healthcare advances and complex diseases.  Second, the symptoms associated with hematological cancers and sarcomas are often very vague and indicative of many different diseases or conditions.  If the cancer is not advanced enough to have caused severe symptoms, often it is a routine exam or random exam for an extensive time period of feeling tired, where hematological cancers are found.  Symptoms are not necessarily acute in many patients; triage, ruling out of other conditions, and consideration of cost are all factored into rushing to high complexity (read high cost) testing and potentially unnecessary concern for a patient and their family.  It is a balancing act that most providers face daily.

The data shows opportunities for improvement in GP’s diagnostic skill related to certain types of cancers as perceived by this patient experience survey and that is very important for those patients whose diagnosis took longer to get to. 

Source: National Cancer Patient Experience Survey,

About the Author
  • Mauri S. Brueggeman is a Medical Laboratory Scientist and Educator with a background in Cytogenetics and a Masters in Education from the University of Minnesota. She has worked in the clinical laboratory, taught at the University of Minnesota, and been in post secondary healthcare education administration. She is passionate about advances and leadership in science, medicine, and education.
You May Also Like
JAN 31, 2021
Cancer
Exploring porphyrins as drug delivery agents
JAN 31, 2021
Exploring porphyrins as drug delivery agents
New research published in the journal Scientific Reports analyzes the delivery capabilities of porphyrins in order ...
MAR 03, 2021
Cancer
Multiple breast cancer screenings reduce mortality rates
MAR 03, 2021
Multiple breast cancer screenings reduce mortality rates
New research published in the journal Radiology reports on the advantages that multiple breast cancer screenings can hav ...
MAR 16, 2021
Cancer
Does exposure to propylparaben during preganancy increase risk of breast cancer?
MAR 16, 2021
Does exposure to propylparaben during preganancy increase risk of breast cancer?
A concerning new study suggests that exposure during pregnancy to low doses of a common chemical preservative called pro ...
MAR 22, 2021
Clinical & Molecular DX
Good Dog! Man's Best Friend Sniffs Out Prostate Cancer.
MAR 22, 2021
Good Dog! Man's Best Friend Sniffs Out Prostate Cancer.
Trained dogs can spot aggressive prostate cancers by detecting trace amounts of chemical biomarkers in urine samples, sa ...
MAR 22, 2021
Cancer
Can we use our own bacteria to fight cancer?
MAR 22, 2021
Can we use our own bacteria to fight cancer?
New research highlighted recently in Nature explores the ways that bacteria in tumors could be targeted to trigger immun ...
APR 09, 2021
Cancer
Employing machine-learning to identify the biological languages of cancer and Alzheimer's
APR 09, 2021
Employing machine-learning to identify the biological languages of cancer and Alzheimer's
In a study published in the scientific journal PNAS, researchers from St. John's College and the  University of ...
Loading Comments...