APR 06, 2017 4:16 PM PDT

Vitamin D Deficiency Linked to Early Signs of Heart Disease

WRITTEN BY: Kara Marker

Vitamin D deficiency and classic signs of cardiovascular disease go hand in hand, at least for overweight and obese children and adolescents, claims new study results by scientists from The Endocrine Society. For now, it’s time to define the relationship.

Credit: Minnesota Oncology

Childhood obesity affects nearly 17 percent of all young people between the ages of 2 and 19 in the United States, and obesity is a risk factor for vitamin D deficiency because, explains lead author of the new study Marisa Censani, MD, “vitamin D deficiency may have negative effects on specific lipid markers with an increase in cardiovascular risk among children and adolescents.”

Vitamin D comes naturally through sunlight, and the body metabolizes it to fits its needs. These are needs like calcium management in the bones, blood, and digestive tract. Common symptoms of vitamin D deficiency include fatigue, aches and pains, and weakness, but often people with vitamin D deficiency show no signs at all.

Censani and her team conducted a large-scale medical records review of young people between six and 17 years old, one of the very first studies examining the relationship between vitamin D deficiency, lipoprotein ratios, and non-high density lipoprotein cholesterol. Both of the latter two factors are specific markers heavily tied to heart disease risk during childhood for obese and overweight children.

Lipoproteins are the vessels that escort cholesterol through the bloodstream because it cannot dissolve in the blood. There are two types of lipoproteins famously referred to “good” (high-density lipoprotein, HDL) and “bad” (low-density lipoprotein, LDL) types of cholesterol.

They found that, of the approximately 50 percent of the study’s participants who were considered either overweight or obese (BMI above 85th percentile), vitamin D deficiency was “significantly associated with an increase in atherogenic lipids and markers of early cardiovascular disease.”

"These results support screening children and adolescents with overweight and obesity for vitamin D deficiency and the potential benefits of improving vitamin D status to reduce cardiometabolic risk," Censani said.

Sources: The Endocrine Society, Vitamin D Council, American Heart Association

About the Author
  • I am a scientific journalist and enthusiast, especially in the realm of biomedicine. I am passionate about conveying the truth in scientific phenomena and subsequently improving health and public awareness. Sometimes scientific research needs a translator to effectively communicate the scientific jargon present in significant findings. I plan to be that translating communicator, and I hope to decrease the spread of misrepresented scientific phenomena! Check out my science blog: ScienceKara.com.
You May Also Like
JAN 08, 2020
Cardiology
JAN 08, 2020
Insecticides Linked to Increased Risk of Cardiovascular Disease and Death
New research from the University of Iowa has shown that prolonged exposure to common household insecticides may increase ...
FEB 21, 2020
Cardiology
FEB 21, 2020
Poor Sleep Increases Heart Disease Risk in Women
Researchers from Columbia University Irving Medical Center have found that women who don’t sleep well leading tend ...
FEB 28, 2020
Cardiology
FEB 28, 2020
Diabetes and Heart Problems Linked to Worse Prognosis of COVID-19
According to most recent data on the COVID-19, the novel coronavirus that emerged in Wuhan, China, those suffering from ...
MAR 05, 2020
Cardiology
MAR 05, 2020
Fish Oil Supplements Lower Risk of Heart Disease
Around the world, fish oil is a popular dietary supplement. Now, researchers have found that regularly consuming it may ...
APR 10, 2020
Drug Discovery & Development
APR 10, 2020
Cardiac Patch Repairs Heart Attack Damage in Pigs and Rats
Heart attacks significantly damage cardiac tissue. Recovery time frames from a heart attack thus depend on the extent to ...
MAY 15, 2020
Cardiology
MAY 15, 2020
Cardiovascular Disease Mortality is Greater in Rural Areas
A wide variation in cardiovascular disease mortality rates has been noted among counties in the United States. Residents ...
Loading Comments...