AUG 11, 2019 11:30 AM PDT

New Device Improves Accuracy In Lung Cancer Diagnosis

WRITTEN BY: Abbie Arce

Acute respiratory distress syndrome ARDS occurs when fluid builds up in the alveoli. These tiny elastics sacs, which are responsible for gaseous exchange in the lungs, then cannot fill with sufficient amounts of hair. This causes less oxygen to reach the bloodstream and starve organs of the oxygen they require.

This condition typically develops in persons who are in the hospital retrieving treatment for other illnesses or injuries. The main complaint from ARDS patients is severe shortness of breath. This symptom generally develops in just a few hours or days after the causative illness.

According to The National Institutes of Health, around 200,000 people develop ARDS each year in the US. Of those who develop the condition, about 74,000 do not survive.

Normally, the fluid that is leaked into the alveoli is prevented from doing so via a protective membrane. This membrane can be damaged following a serious illness or injury. Some known causes of ARDS include sepsis, severe pneumonia, pancreatitis, or major injury to the head or chest.

Current diagnostic tools for the illness are correct only about 18% of the time. These methods rely on x-rays and blood tests. These are not ideal because, in addition to being largely inaccurate, they are invasive or require exposure to radiation.

New technology, designed at the University of Michigan, promises and incredibly improved accuracy at about 90%. This portable technology is roughly the size of a shoebox and requires only about 30 minutes to deliver a highly accurate result.

In addition to being fast, portable, and accurate the device is fully automated. It can, therefore, be widely implemented for diagnosis and disease monitoring.

Not only can the device alert providers to the condition, but it can also determine how advanced the condition is. It does this by using gas chromatography to analyze nearly 100 molecules in a patient's breath. This means not only can it be used to diagnose the disease, but to monitor the progress of treatment once implemented.

The above video describes the condition as well as risk factors and current diagnostic procedures. 


Sources: Analytical and Bioanalytical ChemistryHealthery

About the Author
  • Abbie is an AFAA certified personal trainer and fitness instructor with an interest in all things health-science. She has recently graduated with her BS in Applied Sport and Exercise Science from Barry University in Miami. Next, she intends to earn an MPH with a focus in Epidemiology.
You May Also Like
NOV 09, 2020
Genetics & Genomics
Potential Problems with Liquid Biopsies
NOV 09, 2020
Potential Problems with Liquid Biopsies
Liquid biopsies are tests that look for biomarkers in the blood, which can help inform the treatment of cancer. The tool ...
NOV 18, 2020
Clinical & Molecular DX
Nerve Damage as a Prognostic Marker for Rare Autoimmune Disease
NOV 18, 2020
Nerve Damage as a Prognostic Marker for Rare Autoimmune Disease
Researchers have identified a new prognostic biomarker for Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), a rare autoimmune disor ...
NOV 16, 2020
Microbiology
Using the Microbiome to Diagnose or Treat Autism
NOV 16, 2020
Using the Microbiome to Diagnose or Treat Autism
Autism is a complex disorder that has sent researchers searching for what is causing it, as the rates continue to rise. ...
NOV 25, 2020
Cancer
Using RNA to Diagnose HPV Associated Cancer
NOV 25, 2020
Using RNA to Diagnose HPV Associated Cancer
Diagnostic tools are critical to modern medicine. They might be less exciting than a good therapy or drug, but doctors a ...
DEC 31, 2020
Clinical & Molecular DX
Silent Mice Drive Autism Gene Discovery
DEC 31, 2020
Silent Mice Drive Autism Gene Discovery
Around 1 in 54 children in the U.S. are diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder, or ASD, a broad range of conditions tha ...
JAN 26, 2021
Cardiology
Your Nose Could Tell You Something About Your Heart Health
JAN 26, 2021
Your Nose Could Tell You Something About Your Heart Health
As we get older, many things change in our bodies. We lose touch with the newest fashion trends, or which new phone is b ...
Loading Comments...