AUG 11, 2019 11:30 AM PDT

New Device Improves Accuracy In Lung Cancer Diagnosis

WRITTEN BY: Abbie Arce

Acute respiratory distress syndrome ARDS occurs when fluid builds up in the alveoli. These tiny elastics sacs, which are responsible for gaseous exchange in the lungs, then cannot fill with sufficient amounts of hair. This causes less oxygen to reach the bloodstream and starve organs of the oxygen they require.

This condition typically develops in persons who are in the hospital retrieving treatment for other illnesses or injuries. The main complaint from ARDS patients is severe shortness of breath. This symptom generally develops in just a few hours or days after the causative illness.

According to The National Institutes of Health, around 200,000 people develop ARDS each year in the US. Of those who develop the condition, about 74,000 do not survive.

Normally, the fluid that is leaked into the alveoli is prevented from doing so via a protective membrane. This membrane can be damaged following a serious illness or injury. Some known causes of ARDS include sepsis, severe pneumonia, pancreatitis, or major injury to the head or chest.

Current diagnostic tools for the illness are correct only about 18% of the time. These methods rely on x-rays and blood tests. These are not ideal because, in addition to being largely inaccurate, they are invasive or require exposure to radiation.

New technology, designed at the University of Michigan, promises and incredibly improved accuracy at about 90%. This portable technology is roughly the size of a shoebox and requires only about 30 minutes to deliver a highly accurate result.

In addition to being fast, portable, and accurate the device is fully automated. It can, therefore, be widely implemented for diagnosis and disease monitoring.

Not only can the device alert providers to the condition, but it can also determine how advanced the condition is. It does this by using gas chromatography to analyze nearly 100 molecules in a patient's breath. This means not only can it be used to diagnose the disease, but to monitor the progress of treatment once implemented.

The above video describes the condition as well as risk factors and current diagnostic procedures. 


Sources: Analytical and Bioanalytical ChemistryHealthery

About the Author
  • Abbie is an AFAA certified personal trainer and fitness instructor with an interest in all things health-science. She has recently graduated with her BS in Applied Sport and Exercise Science from Barry University in Miami. Next, she intends to earn an MPH with a focus in Epidemiology.
You May Also Like
MAY 07, 2020
Clinical & Molecular DX
An 8 Minute DNA Test For Salmonella
MAY 07, 2020
An 8 Minute DNA Test For Salmonella
Australian researchers have created a sensitive, super-fast test for five different serotypes of Salmonella which could ...
MAY 21, 2020
Clinical & Molecular DX
Fidget Spinner Diagnoses Infections
MAY 21, 2020
Fidget Spinner Diagnoses Infections
The fidget spinner toy craze took the world by storm — a small, boomerang-shaped gadget that rotates hypnotically ...
MAY 26, 2020
Clinical & Molecular DX
Nanoengineering Aids Bladder Cancer Detection
MAY 26, 2020
Nanoengineering Aids Bladder Cancer Detection
   
JUN 27, 2020
Cardiology
Automating the Analysis of the Circle of Willis to Determine Vascular Health
JUN 27, 2020
Automating the Analysis of the Circle of Willis to Determine Vascular Health
The Circle of Willis (CoW) is a vital part of the brain’s anatomy that acts as a junction of blood flow. It i ...
JUN 30, 2020
Cardiology
Investigating How Aging Affects Cardiac Health in Marmosets
JUN 30, 2020
Investigating How Aging Affects Cardiac Health in Marmosets
Age is something that scientists still struggle to understand. It seems to be built into the DNA and affects the human b ...
JUL 08, 2020
Chemistry & Physics
Microbots Show Promise for Advancing Single-Cell Tissue Biopsy
JUL 08, 2020
Microbots Show Promise for Advancing Single-Cell Tissue Biopsy
A biopsy is an invasive, interventional procedure that involves extracting a tissue sample for the diagnosis o ...
Loading Comments...