AUG 12, 2019 07:12 AM PDT

How Much Caffeine Can Trigger a Migraine?

WRITTEN BY: Tiffany Dazet

Do you suffer from migraines? Your caffeine intake may be a trigger. Researchers from the Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC), Brigham and Women’s Hospital, and the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health examined the connection between caffeine consumption and migraine onset. The results of this study were published online in the American Journal of Medicine last week.

The researchers discovered that patients who consumed three or more servings of caffeinated beverages increased their odds of experiencing migraine on the day of consumption or the day after. Patients who consumed one to two caffeinated beverages did not experience a migraine on the day of consumption.

Ninety-eight study participants completed electronic diaries twice daily for at least six weeks. A typical caffeine serving was defined as eight ounces of coffee, six ounces of tea, 12 ounces of soda, or two ounces of an energy drink. They reported their intake of tea, coffee, soda, or energy drinks; and other lifestyle factors such as alcohol use, sleep patterns, stress, and activity levels. They also reported information about headache occurrences with details of the onset, duration, intensity, and medications used for treatment.

Lead investigator, Elizabeth Mostofsky—researcher at BIDMC and instructor of epidemiology at Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health—noted the complexity of migraine trigger and treatment in a statement from BIDMC. She said, “the role of caffeine is particularly complex because it may trigger an attack but also helps control symptoms.” Whether caffeine benefits or harms migraine sufferers depends on how much and how often caffeinated beverages are being consumed.

The research team considers this study an important first step in establishing migraine prevention guidelines for patients. Principal investigator Suzanne M. Bertischof of the Division of Sleep and Circadian Disorders at Brigham and Women's Hospital told BIDMC reporters that, “despite the high prevalence of migraine and often debilitating symptoms, effective migraine prevention remains elusive for many patients.”

Sources: Science DailyAmerican Journal of Medicine

About the Author
  • Tiffany grew up in Southern California, where she attended San Diego State University. She graduated with a degree in Biology with a marine emphasis, thanks to her love of the ocean and wildlife. With 13 years of science writing under her belt, she now works as a freelance writer in the Pacific Northwest.
You May Also Like
JAN 18, 2020
Clinical & Molecular DX
JAN 18, 2020
Long awaited at-home test gives hemophiliacs peace of mind
Haemophilia is a genetically-inherited condition that severely affects an individual’s ability to stop bleeding. Blood clotting is a natural protecti...
JAN 18, 2020
Neuroscience
JAN 18, 2020
Midlife Obesity, not Diet, Increases Dementia Risk
A new study on over 1 milion women in the UK has found that women who are obese during their 50’s are at a higher risk than women with healthier phys...
JAN 18, 2020
Drug Discovery & Development
JAN 18, 2020
New Drug to Make Breast Cancer Treatment More Affordable
The US Food and Drug Administration has granted accelerated approval to new breast cancer drug, trastuzumab deruxtecan. The drug’s increasing recogni...
JAN 18, 2020
Genetics & Genomics
JAN 18, 2020
Testing Gene Therapy as a Potential Treatment for CTE
Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) is caused by repeated trauma to the head, like a boxer, football player, or soldier might experience....
JAN 18, 2020
Genetics & Genomics
JAN 18, 2020
Exploring the Genetic Link to Parental Neglect
Early life experiences impact how the brain is formed, and creates either a stable, solid foundation for later life, or a fragile architecture....
JAN 18, 2020
Cell & Molecular Biology
JAN 18, 2020
Disrupting Leukemia's Deadly Reliance on Vitamin B6
Acute Myeloid Leukemia is a cancer of the blood that starts in the bone marrow, where the stem cells that produce blood cells reside, and rapidly moves to the blood....
Loading Comments...