AUG 08, 2018 5:06 AM PDT

Old Drug Offers Novel Treatment For Hair Loss

WRITTEN BY: Nouran Amin

According to researchers from The University of Manchester's Centre for Dermatology Research, a recent developed drug may serve as the key to treating human baldness. The drug, originally designed to treat osteoporosis, has exhibited dramatic stimulatory effects on hair follicles by patients undergoing hair transplantation surgery. At the present moment, only two drugs are available for treating baldness and they are male-specific (androgentic alopecia). However, because these two drugs, minoxidil and finasteride, hold some side-effects and have disappointing hair regrowth results, affected individuals are often considered for hair transplantation surgery.

The research study, which was led by Dr. Nathan Hawkshaw and colleagues, were eager to develop other options to promote human hair growth with the intentions of seeking novel treatments that are well tolerated for androgenetic alopecia. The study first examined the molecular mechanisms behind an old immunosuppressive drug known as Cyclosporine A (CsA); a critical drug of the 1980s commonly used to suppress transplant rejection and autoimmune diseases to patients undergoing specific surgical procedures. Although that drug held side-effects, one most unique was the enhancement of cosmetically unwanted hair growth, this encouraged the research team to analyze full gene expression on isolated CSA-treated human scalp hair follicles. The analysis revealed that CsA reduced the expression of SFRP1, which is a protein that blocks the development and growth of many tissues, most importantly are hair follicles. Such discovery promoted researchers to discover a novel mechanism of CsA.

 The human hair follicle bulb. Credit: Dr. Nathan John Hawkshaw

After some investigation, Dr. Hawkshaw and the research team found that a compound, known as WAY-316606, developed to treat osteoporosis was also found to target the same molecular mechanism as CsA specifically antagonizing SFRP1. When hair follicles were treated with WAY-316606, the unrelated compound enhanced human hair growth. Surprisingly, there exists similar compounds to WAY-316606 that can promote better hair growth either the same magnitude or better than CsA and without the side-effects. Dr. Hawkshaw explains, "When the hair growth-promoting effects of CsA were previously studied in mice, a very different molecular mechanism of action was suggested; had we relied on these mouse research concepts, we would have been barking up the wrong tree. The fact this new agent, which had never even been considered in a hair loss context, promotes human hair growth is exciting because of its translational potential: it could one day make a real difference to people who suffer from hair loss. Clearly though, a clinical trial is required next to tell us whether this drug or similar compounds are both effective and safe in hair loss patients."

 

Source: University of Manchester

 

About the Author
  • Nouran earned her BS and MS in Biology at IUPUI and currently shares her love of science by teaching. She enjoys writing on various topics as well including science & medicine, global health, and conservation biology. She hopes through her writing she can make science more engaging and communicable to the general public.
You May Also Like
NOV 27, 2019
Drug Discovery & Development
NOV 27, 2019
New Painkiller More Effective than Opioids Discovered in Mud
Researchers have discovered a new painkiller dubbed to be as effective as opioids, only minus their disadvantages, from a 16-year old mud sample found near...
DEC 11, 2019
Drug Discovery & Development
DEC 11, 2019
Drug To Treat Ulcerative Colitis
Biomedical researchers at the University of California—Riverside, found that the therapeutic drug ‘tofacitinib’ used in treating autoimmu...
DEC 17, 2019
Cell & Molecular Biology
DEC 17, 2019
A New Tool for Assessing the Impact of Drugs on Single Cells
When scientists assess the impact of a treatment like a drug on cells, they usually generally rely on large populations of cells to find general trends....
DEC 23, 2019
Cell & Molecular Biology
DEC 23, 2019
An Antioxidant Found in Green Tea Can Fight Tuberculosis
In 2018, around ten million people around the globe were sickened by tuberculosis (TB) and about 1.5 million people were killed by tuberculosis....
FEB 10, 2020
Cancer
FEB 10, 2020
New hope for KRAS-mutant pancreatic cancers
A study published recently in the journal Cancer Research showcases the findings from new research on pancreatic cancer. The study was led by Frank Mc...
FEB 21, 2020
Drug Discovery & Development
FEB 21, 2020
Healing Bone Fractures
Studies on rats revealed that two existing drugs can boost repair machinery by triggering the release of bone marrow stem cells. Findings were published in...
Loading Comments...