APR 24, 2019 11:14 AM PDT

Efficacy of Nicotine Replacement Therapy

WRITTEN BY: Nouran Amin

New research evidence, by the Cochrane Review, indicates that a combination of nicotine replacement therapies are most likely to help smokers quit versus just a single form of therapeutic. Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) are medicine available as skin patches, chewing gum, nasal and oral sprays, inhalers, lozenges and tablets. The purpose of NRT is to that deliver nicotine through the body to the brain and in many countries NRT can be acquired from healthcare professionals as well as over-the-counter. Specifically, NRT works by replacing the nicotine that people receive form smoking so the urge to smoke is reduced and ultimately, they stop smoking altogether.

Lead author of the study—Dr. Nicola Lindson from the Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford, UK says: "NRT is easy to access over the counter for people who would like to quit smoking, but many people don't use it to best effect, so their chances of giving up smoking are reduced. This high-quality evidence clearly signposts that the most effective way to use NRT is to use a combination of two products at once, a patch and a fast acting form such as gum, nasal spray or lozenge. Quitting this way increases the chances of you stopping smoking altogether. Some people are concerned about using two forms at the same time, but the evidence does not indicate an increased risk of harms." She added: "While this advice is included in the most recent clinical guidelines in the UK and US, incorporating these findings into training and prescribing guidelines for health professionals, and advice for individuals looking to purchase NRT will likely help more people to give up smoking."

Learn more about nicotine replacement therapies:

Findings were published by the Cochrane Tobacco Addiction Group.

"We tried to answer some more questions about NRT use, such as how long NRT should be used for, whether NRT should be used on a set schedule or as wanted, and whether more people stop smoking using NRT when it is provided for free versus if they have to pay for it. However, more research is needed to answer these questions."

Source: The Cochrane Review

About the Author
BS/MS
Nouran is a scientist, educator, and life-long learner with a passion for making science more communicable. When not busy in the lab isolating blood macrophages, she enjoys writing on various STEM topics.
You May Also Like
APR 14, 2022
Drug Discovery & Development
COVID-19 Drug Combo More Effective than Single Drugs
APR 14, 2022
COVID-19 Drug Combo More Effective than Single Drugs
COVID-19 is more effectively treated by a combination of drugs than singular drugs alone. The corresponding study was pu ...
MAY 02, 2022
Drug Discovery & Development
Synthetic Coating Improves Survival of Oral Medications During Digestion
MAY 02, 2022
Synthetic Coating Improves Survival of Oral Medications During Digestion
We’re probably all familiar with the (sometimes unpleasant) experience of swallowing pills. Whether ibuprofen for ...
MAY 19, 2022
Drug Discovery & Development
Repurposed Antibiotic Shows Promise Against COVID-19 in Mice
MAY 19, 2022
Repurposed Antibiotic Shows Promise Against COVID-19 in Mice
An antibiotic known as clofoctol has shown promise in treating SARS-CoV-2 in mice. The corresponding study was published ...
MAY 25, 2022
Neuroscience
Exploring Drug Targets in Neurodegenerative Diseases
MAY 25, 2022
Exploring Drug Targets in Neurodegenerative Diseases
Introduction Life expectancy has increased globally over the last several decades. However, longer life expectancy comes ...
JUN 09, 2022
Plants & Animals
Traditional Indian Medicine Helps Treat and Manage Type 2 Diabetes
JUN 09, 2022
Traditional Indian Medicine Helps Treat and Manage Type 2 Diabetes
Medicine has been practiced for millennia. Despite the dominance of Western medicine, many traditional approaches to tre ...
JUN 15, 2022
Plants & Animals
Using Mosquito Spit to Develop Vaccines for Zika, Yellow Fever, Dengue
JUN 15, 2022
Using Mosquito Spit to Develop Vaccines for Zika, Yellow Fever, Dengue
Mosquitoes, specifically, the Aedes mosquito, can carry and transmit deadly virsues like the Zika virus and the viruses ...
Loading Comments...