NOV 16, 2019 08:48 PM PST

Don't Like Vegetables? It Could be Genetic

WRITTEN BY: Annie Lennon

Don’t like eating vegetables? Researchers from the University of Kentucky (UKY) have found that the reason why may be genetic. 

Humans carry two copies of a gene known as TAS2R38 that encodes for a protein necessary for taste receptors on the tongue to taste bitterness. Those who carry two copies of the variant known as AVI are not sensitive to bitter tastes. However, those who inherit one copy of AVI alongside another variant known as PAV are more sensitive to bitter flavors; with those carrying two copies of PAV known as “super-tasters” due to their extreme sensitivity to bitterness (BBC: 2019). 

Prior to their study, researchers at UKY suspected that there may be a correlation between the presence of PAV gene variants and people with two or more cardiovascular disease risk factors. Thus, over a 3-year period, they conducted a secondary analysis of data from an earlier study examining gene interactions and food frequency questionnaires in 175 people at risk of developing cardiovascular disease. From the data, they found that people with the PAV variant of the gene were significantly less likely to consume leafy green vegetables than those with AVI variants (Gander: 2019).

According to Tonia Reinhard, a fellow of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, “Since fruits and vegetables contain numerous phytonutrients and essential nutrients that can reduce inflammation and oxidative damage — two key damaging processes linked to cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes, and other chronic diseases — anything that affects dietary intake of these foods can possibly influence disease development (Oguntoyinbo: 2019).”

The researchers hope that these findings may change the way doctors advise people to modify their diets to promote cardiovascular health. According to Jennifer L. Smith, one of the authors of the study, “Down the road we hope we can use genetic information to figure out which vegetables people may be better able to accept and to find out which spices appeal to supertasters (those with heightened sensitivity to taste) so we can make it easier for them to eat more vegetables (ibid.).”

A preliminary study, the researchers recognize that further study is required to confirm their findings. This comes both as all of the participants were Caucasian, meaning that future studies will endeavor to have more diverse population samples (Gander: 2019). 

 

Sources 

 

BBC News

Oguntoyinbo, Lekan: Healthline

Gander, Kashmira: Newsweek

About the Author
  • Writer with a keen interest in genetics, psychology, health and everything in between. Currently focused on the interplay of genetics and society to understand how to create meaningful interactions and environments.
You May Also Like
DEC 12, 2019
Cell & Molecular Biology
DEC 12, 2019
Visualizing Gene Expression in an Organism with an Ultrasound
Understanding how and when and why certain genes are or are not active is a critical aspect of biomedical research....
DEC 12, 2019
Microbiology
DEC 12, 2019
Using CRISPR to Alter or Kill Bacteria
In recent years, the gene editing tool CRISPR/Cas9 has been applied to a wide variety of different organisms, and now, bacteria....
DEC 12, 2019
Genetics & Genomics
DEC 12, 2019
Gates Foundation and NIH Pledge $200 Million for Gene Therapies in Africa
Over the next four years, the National Institutes of Health and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation plan to each invest $100 million towards the developm...
DEC 12, 2019
Microbiology
DEC 12, 2019
Pathogenic E. coli Tends to Come From Poor Hygiene, Not Contaminated Food
A new study has shown that antibiotic-resistant E. coli spreads primarily because of poor hygiene....
DEC 12, 2019
Genetics & Genomics
DEC 12, 2019
An Epigenetic Switch Changes Warrior Ants Into Foragers
Researchers were able to change the behavior of a type of carpenter ant, and now they know the biological basis for the change....
DEC 12, 2019
Drug Discovery & Development
DEC 12, 2019
FDA Approves New Drug for Sickle Cell Disease
Sickle cell disease affects approximately 100,000 Americans. Currently, the only available cure for the disease is a costly bone marrow transplant, putting...
Loading Comments...