AUG 27, 2019 12:44 PM PDT

A Skin Patch Might be the Most Effective Melanoma Treatment

WRITTEN BY: Tiffany Dazet

Researchers from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) have developed a fast-acting skin patch that effectively delivers cancer-fighting medication to affected melanoma cells. Their research was presented yesterday at the American Chemical Society (ACS) Fall 2019 Meeting and Exposition. The entire presentation is in the video below.

A skin patch is ideal for melanoma treatment because traditional treatments are not fully effective or convenient. Medicated ointments don’t penetrate skin layers deeply enough, and although syringes deliver medicine efficiently, they’re painful and inconvenient for patient-use.

Microneedle patches are a painless and successful way to deliver treatment. They’re prepared with a layer-by-layer (LbL) coating methods, which covers surfaces with molecules of alternative positive and negative charges. Previous LbL methods created a very sticky film, causing the medication delivery time to last 15 to 90 minutes. Researchers feared that this long application time would lead to non-compliance by patients.

The team from MIT, led by Paula T. Hammond, Ph.D. and her graduate students Yanpu He and Celestine Hong, solved the problem of the prior microneedle patches by designing a new pH-responsive polymer. When tested in mice, this microneedle treatment produced nine times the antibody level compared to intramuscular injections and 160 times the antibody level compared to subcutaneous injections. They saw similar results when testing surgical samples of human skin.

In a statement from ACS, Yanpu He stated: “Our patch has a unique chemical coating and mode of action that allows it to be applied and removed from the skin in just a minute while still delivering a therapeutic dose of drugs. Our patches elicit a robust antibody response in living mice and show promise in eliciting a strong immune response in human skin.”

Hammond and her team are excited for the patch’s use by oncologists to fight melanoma, in addition to its use in fighting infectious diseases. Hammond told ACS reporters that, “We are using low-cost chemistry and a simple fabrication scheme to transform vaccination. Ultimately, we want to get a device approved and on the market.”

Sources: ACS, ACS Nano

About the Author
  • Tiffany grew up in Southern California, where she attended San Diego State University. She graduated with a degree in Biology with a marine emphasis, thanks to her love of the ocean and wildlife. With 13 years of science writing under her belt, she now works as a freelance writer in the Pacific Northwest.
You May Also Like
MAR 10, 2021
Microbiology
Gut Microbes Could be a Way to Treat Some Neurological Disorders
MAR 10, 2021
Gut Microbes Could be a Way to Treat Some Neurological Disorders
Researchers and clinicians have often studied genes that affect the function and development of the brain to explain neu ...
MAR 14, 2021
Genetics & Genomics
How Stress Increases the Risk of Preterm Birth
MAR 14, 2021
How Stress Increases the Risk of Preterm Birth
Preterm birth is when a baby is born before the 37th week of pregnancy. The liver, lungs & brain undergo a crucial devel ...
MAR 23, 2021
Cell & Molecular Biology
One Metabolic Problem May Cause Multiple Diseases
MAR 23, 2021
One Metabolic Problem May Cause Multiple Diseases
Patients with a disease often see specialists, and there may not be much communication among them when individuals suffe ...
MAR 28, 2021
Genetics & Genomics
Fish Oil Benefits May Depend on a Person's Genetics
MAR 28, 2021
Fish Oil Benefits May Depend on a Person's Genetics
The benefits of fish oil have been debated for years. New research can explain why it's been difficult to reach a solid ...
APR 01, 2021
Health & Medicine
Safety and Contamination Concerns Over Hemp Products
APR 01, 2021
Safety and Contamination Concerns Over Hemp Products
  When the 2018 Farm Bill legalized the regulated production of low-THC hemp, as distinct from other cannabis plant ...
APR 05, 2021
Neuroscience
Could a Keto Diet Treat Alzheimer's Disease?
APR 05, 2021
Could a Keto Diet Treat Alzheimer's Disease?
  Researchers from Brigham Young University have found evidence that eating a ketogenic diet- which is a diet that ...
Loading Comments...