MAR 18, 2020 1:09 PM PDT

The Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 is Stable for Hours on Surfaces

WRITTEN BY: Carmen Leitch

SARS-CoV-2 is a coronavirus that causes an illness called COVID-19. There are now well over 210,000 confirmed cases worldwide. Research from scientists at the National Institutes of Health, CDC, UCLA, and Princeton University and reported in The New England Journal of Medicine has now shown that the virus can remain stable for several hours to days on surfaces and for about three hours in droplets in the air.

This scanning electron microscope image shows SARS-CoV-2 (yellow)--also known as 2019-nCoV, the virus that causes COVID-19--isolated from a patient in the U.S., emerging from the surface of cells (blue/pink) cultured in the lab. / Credit: NIAID RML

The researchers tried to determine how long the virus would stay active if an infected person coughs or touches objects or surfaces. The virus was detectable for up to three hours in aerosols, up to four hours on copper surfaces, up to 24 hours on cardboard, and two or even three days on stainless steel and plastic. This research has shown that although surface contamination may not be driving the spread of the disease in populations, it is possible for the virus to be transmitted this way.

While the scientists know that the behavior of SARS-CoV-2 is very similar to SARS-CoV-1, which causes SARS, it is not yet known why such a larger outbreak is occurring now. In the case of SARS, there was intensive contact tracing, and the isolation of any exposed individuals limited the spread of the virus.

There may be an answer when considering asymptomatic individuals; it may be that younger people who feel fine are actually spreading the virus, not only by sneezing but also by touching commonly used objects or surfaces.


The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and other experts have recommended that at this time, everyone should be following a few preventive measures:

  • Avoid contact with people who are sick.

  • Avoid touching your face, especially your mouth, nose, and eyes.

  • Cover your cough or sneeze with your elbow or a tissue that is then disposed.

  • Clean and disinfect objects and surfaces that are touched or used often.

  • If you are sick, stay home.

 

Other research on SARS-CoV-2 by scientists at Scripps Research Institute has confirmed that the virus has a natural origin, and is not engineered in any way.

"By comparing the available genome sequence data for known coronavirus strains, we can firmly determine that SARS-CoV-2 originated through natural processes," said Kristian Andersen, PhD, an associate professor of immunology and microbiology at Scripps Research and corresponding author on the paper.

About the Author
  • Experienced research scientist and technical expert with authorships on 28 peer-reviewed publications, traveler to over 60 countries, published photographer and internationally-exhibited painter, volunteer trained in disaster-response, CPR and DV counseling.
You May Also Like
JUN 24, 2020
Neuroscience
Prenatal Stress May Influence Infant Gut Bacteria
JUN 24, 2020
Prenatal Stress May Influence Infant Gut Bacteria
Although prenatal stress has previously been associated with infant growth and development, exactly how they are linked ...
JUN 30, 2020
Microbiology
Researchers Find a Flu They Say Has the Potential to Cause a Pandemic
JUN 30, 2020
Researchers Find a Flu They Say Has the Potential to Cause a Pandemic
The world's attention is on a virus right now - the pandemic coronavirus that causes COVID-19. But researchers are still ...
JUL 12, 2020
Microbiology
Our Flu Response Is Influenced by Previous Exposures
JUL 12, 2020
Our Flu Response Is Influenced by Previous Exposures
The flu is caused by a respiratory virus, which evolves from year to year. Three kinds of influenza viruses infect human ...
SEP 09, 2020
Clinical & Molecular DX
Swallow the Pill, Discover the Bugs Within
SEP 09, 2020
Swallow the Pill, Discover the Bugs Within
The 30-foot long human gastrointestinal tract consists of tissues and organs that work in concert to digest our food. Th ...
SEP 22, 2020
Cardiology
Mosquito-Borne Illnesses are Linked to Stroke
SEP 22, 2020
Mosquito-Borne Illnesses are Linked to Stroke
Mosquitoes are major disease vectors; they are considered the world's deadliest animal because they kill so many people.
SEP 23, 2020
Cell & Molecular Biology
How Heparan Sulfate Helps SARS-CoV-2 Enter Cells
SEP 23, 2020
How Heparan Sulfate Helps SARS-CoV-2 Enter Cells
In order to infect a cell, the SARS-CoV-2 virus has to find a way in. It can use receptors on the surface of cells that ...
Loading Comments...