MAY 11, 2016 5:03 AM PDT

A Picture is Worth a Thousand Memories

There are a lot of tips and tricks that people use to remember important information. Some advise repeating a person’s name three times, verbally, if remembering names is difficult. Other tricks involve associating a rhyming word with a certain memory, or visualizing a picture of a task or event that shouldn’t be forgotten. Of course there are always electronic apps on a smartphone or computer calendar reminders, but keeping some information in the working memory of the brain is necessary when a cell phone is out of reach.
 
Using drawings will help you remember things

New research from scientists at the University of Waterloo has shown that drawing actual pictures of information that needs to be retained is an effective method to keep something firmly in working memory and accessible when needed.
 
The study’s lead author, Jeffrey Wammes, a PhD candidate in the Department of Psychology at Waterloo, said in a press release, “We pitted drawing against a number of other known encoding strategies, but drawing always came out on top. We believe that the benefit arises because drawing helps to create a more cohesive memory trace that better integrates visual, motor and semantic information.”
 
The study was published recently in the Journal of Experimental Psychology. It was relatively simple, but the results showed a significant benefit to drawing something to remember it. In all of the groups, the scientists started with a list of 80 simple nouns. Words like “peanut” “shoe” “fork” “kite” “apple” and “table” were projected on to a screen, in a random selection of 30 of the original 80 words. All the words were chosen because they were easy to both spell and draw.  Participants were given instructions to either draw a picture of the word, or write it down repeatedly and they had 40 seconds per word.  Once 30 words had been shown, the volunteers were given what is a called a “filler task.” The filler task was completely unrelated to the study, it was just to get the brain working and thinking in another direction. The participants listened to random tones and had to categorize them has high, low or medium. After rating the tones, they were then re-directed to the list of objects they had seen in the first part of the experiment and asked to write down as many of them as they could recall.
 
The results left no room for doubt that drawing the words was a superior method of ensuring better recall. Participants were able to recall twice as many of the drawn words as the written words. The study authors call this “the drawing effect.” The quality of the drawings did not seem to matter either; even a very rudimentary drawing of a stick-like figure with three lines for tines was enough for someone to remember the word “fork” and a simple circle with a string helped volunteers remember balloon twice as often as writing the word “balloon” multiple times.
 
The study only used single words, no phrases or sentences, but the team hopes to expand the research to see if it adding multiple words bears out the drawing effect. Check out the video below to learn more about this research on how memory works.
About the Author
  • I'm a writer living in the Boston area. My interests include cancer research, cardiology and neuroscience. I want to be part of using the Internet and social media to educate professionals and patients in a collaborative environment.
You May Also Like
FEB 23, 2020
Cannabis Sciences
FEB 23, 2020
Which is Better for you: CBD or THC?
Following the legalization of cannabis use, products derived from the plant are becoming more and more popular- especial ...
FEB 26, 2020
Neuroscience
FEB 26, 2020
Why Alzheimer's may be a Sleep Disorder
Alzheimer’s disease is a form of dementia in which amyloid-beta protein builds up in the brain, killing off surrou ...
APR 21, 2020
Immunology
APR 21, 2020
A Nasal Vaccine Against Tau Tangles
  One of the hallmarks of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the accumulation of “tau tangles”. Tau is a ...
APR 30, 2020
Cardiology
APR 30, 2020
Nighttime Blood Pressure Changes Linked to Cerebrovascular Disease and Impaired Cognition
When most people go to sleep, their blood pressure decreases, or dips, compared to daytime values. However, for some, a ...
MAY 13, 2020
Drug Discovery & Development
MAY 13, 2020
FDA Fast Tracks Vaccine for COVID-19
Biopharmaceutical company, Moderna, has announced that the US Food and Drug Administration has approved its experimental ...
MAY 25, 2020
Genetics & Genomics
MAY 25, 2020
FDA Approves the First Treatment for Neurofibromatosis 1
In a major breakthrough, the Food and Drug Administration has approved a treatment for a genetic disorder called neurofi ...
Loading Comments...