APR 19, 2015 06:22 PM PDT

Research for Teaching Kids with ADHD: Let 'em Squirm to Learn

WRITTEN BY: Will Hector
The foot-tapping, leg-swinging and chair-scooting movements of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)-the very same movements that have compeled teachers and parents over the last few decades to want to pull their hair out-ought to be harnessed and used in a measured way to facilitate learning, a new study shows.

The research, conducted at the University of Central Florida, shows that if you want kids with ADHD to learn, you have to let them squirm. Movement is actually vital to how kids with ADHD remember information and work out complex cognitive tasks, according to a study published in an early online release of the Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology.

The findings show the longtime prevailing methods for helping children with ADHD may be misguided.

"The typical interventions target reducing hyperactivity. It's exactly the opposite of what we should be doing for a majority of children with ADHD," one of the study's authors, Mark Rapport, head of the Children's Learning Clinic at the University of Central Florida, said in an article by Mark Schlueb that goes on to say:. "The message isn't 'Let them run around the room,' but you need to be able to facilitate their movement so they can maintain the level of alertness necessary for cognitive activities."

The research has major implications for how parents and teachers should deal with ADHD kids, particularly with the increasing weight given to students' performance on standardized testing. The study suggests that a majority of students with ADHD could perform better on classroom work, tests and homework if they're sitting on activity balls or exercise bikes, for instance.

The study at the UCF clinic included 52 boys ages 8 to 12. Twenty-nine of the children had been diagnosed with ADHD and the other 23 had no clinical disorders and showed normal development.
Each child was asked to perform a series of standardized tasks designed to gauge "working memory," the system for temporarily storing and managing information required to carry out complex cognitive tasks such as learning, reasoning and comprehension.

Children were shown a series of jumbled numbers and a letter that flashed onto a computer screen, then asked to put the numbers in order, followed by the letter. A high-speed camera recorded the kids, and observers recorded their every movement and gauged their attention to the task.

Rapport's previous research had already shown that the excessive movement that's a trademark of hyperactive children -- previously thought to be ever-present -- is actually apparent only when they need to use the brain's executive brain functions, especially their working memory.

The new study goes an important step further, proving the movement serves a purpose.

"What we've found is that when they're moving the most, the majority of them perform better," Rapport said. "They have to move to maintain alertness."

By contrast, the children in the study without ADHD also moved more during the cognitive tests, but it had the opposite effect: They performed worse.

Follow Will Hector: @WriteCompassion

(Sources: University of Central Florida; Science Daily)
About the Author
  • Will Hector practices psychotherapy at Heart in Balance Counseling Center in Oakland, California. He has substantial training in Attachment Theory, Hakomi Body-Centered Psychotherapy, Psycho-Physical Therapy, and Formative Psychology. To learn more about his practice, click here: http://www.heartinbalancetherapy.com/will-hector.html
You May Also Like
NOV 01, 2018
Microbiology
NOV 01, 2018
Gut Bacteria can Have an Impact on Movement
One strain of gut bacteria can change how a fruit fly moves....
NOV 19, 2018
Plants & Animals
NOV 19, 2018
Communal Rearing Better Prepares Mice for the Real World, Study Finds
Researchers have long understood early-life experiences to influence actions and behavior later in life for humans, but can be same be said about animals?...
DEC 03, 2018
Cannabis Sciences
DEC 03, 2018
Endocannabinoids Are So Promiscuous
When we think about the endocannabinoid system (ECS) (the body's system of neurotransmitters, receptors, and enzymes that are highjacked by the chemica...
DEC 17, 2018
Drug Discovery
DEC 17, 2018
Alzheimer Preventing Drug Could Work Like A Vaccine
Researchers at UT Southwestern believe that a protein called ApoE is the primary factor in late-onset Alzheimer's disease. Such conclusion has to inspi...
DEC 17, 2018
Health & Medicine
DEC 17, 2018
Light Makes An Itch Go Away!
EMBL researchers have now found a way to stop itch with light in mice. Nature Biomedical Engineering publishes their results on 17 December 2018....
JAN 11, 2019
Drug Discovery
JAN 11, 2019
Histamine Improves Long-Term Memory
A recent research study found that histamine could improve people’s long-term memory which may be a prospective treatment option to alleviate symptom...
Loading Comments...