OCT 22, 2016 7:47 AM PDT

Two Critical Problems Plague NASA's Juno Probe in Just Two Days

WRITTEN BY: Anthony Bouchard

NASA has something to be proud about in terms of its 1 Billion-dollar Juno spacecraft, which is currently observing the Jovian system of our Solar System.
 

NASA's Juno spacecraft is orbiting around Jupiter, but it has experienced a lot of drama in just two recent days of being there.

 Image Credit: NASA

Jupiter is of great interest to astronomers because it’s the largest planet in our Solar System and because it’s a gas giant, which are common in exoplanet discoveries all around the galaxy. Moreover, gas giants are similar to brown dwarfs, something astronomers really want to know a lot more about.
 
Although Juno was sent to Jupiter to study it, and made it there successfully in July, there have reportedly been quite a few problems with the probe in just two recent days of activity during one of its routine orbital fly-bys. The issues mean NASA may have to extend the mission termination date up to two years beyond the February, 2018 date.
 

Problem One: Engine Valve Issues

 
According to one of NASA’s statements, the probe experienced a problem with sticky engine valves during a test fire of the engine on October 19th, which in essence, means NASA is having some problems getting Juno to speed up while it orbits around the gas giant.
 
The engines on the probe are supposed to shorten the time it takes to orbit the planet from 53 days to just two weeks, and unfortunately, two of the engine’s valves were performing below par and are making this process difficult.
 
If they had worked as expected, the mission’s orbital speed could have been sped up at least 4x. For now, NASA says they’re going to revisit this issue at a later date, presumably around December 11th when the probe will have another chance to fire its engines.
 

Problem Two: Computer Issues

 
Another problem to plague the success of Juno as of late is that the spacecraft has entered Safe Mode. This happened while the probe was heading back towards Jupiter via its configured elliptical orbit.
 
The problem occurred at a very inconvenient time, as it kept the probe from taking new photographs of the planet and capturing important information about Jupiter’s magnetic field and radiation that astronomers would have liked to study up close.
 
Juno is designed to enter safe mode whenever anything doesn’t perform as expected as to protect the probe and its valuable information. During safe mode, only the most critical things are able to perform.
 
NASA has reportedly booted it back out of safe mode and restored full operating function, but the timing of the event was certainly less than appreciated by mission staff who wanted to collect data this time around.
 
Overall, the latter problem was probably just a hiccup, but finding the problem that’s causing the sticky valves could be a larger problem. It’s possible NASA can fix it remotely, but if not, this could be a long and drawn-out mission.
 
At the end of the Juno mission, NASA wants to send the Juno spacecraft plummeting into Jupiter’s clouds as a ‘last hurrah’ and to get as much information about the planet’s cloud composition as possible.
 
Source: NASA (1), (2)

About the Author
  • Fascinated by scientific discoveries and media, Anthony found his way here at LabRoots, where he would be able to dabble in the two. Anthony is a technology junkie that has vast experience in computer systems and automobile mechanics, as opposite as those sound.
You May Also Like
DEC 29, 2020
Space & Astronomy
Why is the Sun's Outer Atmosphere Hotter than its Surface?
DEC 29, 2020
Why is the Sun's Outer Atmosphere Hotter than its Surface?
The fact that the Sun's distant atmosphere is significantly hotter than its surface has been a topic of confusion in ...
MAY 29, 2021
Space & Astronomy
Climate Models Overestimate Role of Greenhouse Gases in Global Warming, Says New Study
MAY 29, 2021
Climate Models Overestimate Role of Greenhouse Gases in Global Warming, Says New Study
Researchers have that there was four times more soot in the pre-industrial Southern Hemisphere's atmosphere than pre ...
JUN 21, 2021
Space & Astronomy
Scientists Detect Signatures of Life on Earth Remotely
JUN 21, 2021
Scientists Detect Signatures of Life on Earth Remotely
An international team led by researchers from the University of Bern in Switzerland and the National Centre of Competenc ...
JUL 14, 2021
Earth & The Environment
High-Tide Flooding is Cause for Concern in the US
JUL 14, 2021
High-Tide Flooding is Cause for Concern in the US
High-tide flooding (HTF) is a phenomenon that typically occurs in coastal regions during the highest astronomical tides ...
JUL 15, 2021
Space & Astronomy
Modern Slavery in Greece Spotted from Space
JUL 15, 2021
Modern Slavery in Greece Spotted from Space
Migrant settlements being exploited for work have been spotted with satellite imagery by researchers led by the Universi ...
JUL 18, 2021
Earth & The Environment
Climate Change has Tilted the Axis of the Earth
JUL 18, 2021
Climate Change has Tilted the Axis of the Earth
The axis of the Earth intersects the planet at the magnetic pole, and Earth's poles are known to wander. They can even f ...
Loading Comments...