MAY 07, 2018 4:46 PM PDT

Scientists Confirm Existence of Solar Rossby Waves

WRITTEN BY: Anthony Bouchard

Another day, another discovery. Researchers from both the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research (MPS) and University of Göttingen say that they’ve discovered Rossby waves residing on the Sun’s surface.

This diagram depicts the size and rotation of the solar Rossby waves discovered in the study.

Image Credit: MPS/NASA/HormesDesign

The findings, published in the journal Nature Astronomy this week, were made possible by six years’ worth of observations made with the Heliospheric and Magnetic Imager (HMI) onboard NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO).

The researchers refer to the Sun-centric counterparts as ‘solar Rossby waves,’ but we still know very little about them and how they might influence the Sun.

"Solar Rossby waves have very small amplitudes, and periods of several months, thus they are extremely difficult to detect," said Prof. Dr. Laurent Gizon, a co-author of the study.

Related: Solar tornadoes don't actually spin like tornadoes

Scientists have long known about Rossby waves here on Earth and on some other planets in the solar system. While they've theorized about their existence on the Sun for decades, they hadn't proven their existence until now.

Rossby waves can influence weather conditions on planets, but scientists aren't entirely sure how they impact the Sun. On theory is that they might drive significant amounts of kinetic energy.

With HMI, the researchers analyzed the solar Rossby waves more closely. Granules on the solar surface spanned up to 1,500 kilometers across and served as indicators for the underlying, supermassive waves that penetrated up to 20,000 kilometers into the Sun’s interior.

"All in all, we find large-scale waves of vorticity on the Sun that move in the direction opposite to rotation. That these waves are only seen in the equatorial regions is completely unexpected", Gizon added.

"Solar Rossby waves are gigantic in size, with wavelengths comparable to the solar radius."

Related: 'Maunder Minimum'-like solar behavior expected within the next few decades

While the discovery in and of itself is remarkable, future research into solar Rossby waves may shed light on their purpose and how they impact the Sun’s internal dynamics, among other things.

Source: Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research

About the Author
  • Fascinated by scientific discoveries and media, Anthony found his way here at LabRoots, where he would be able to dabble in the two. Anthony is a technology junkie that has vast experience in computer systems and automobile mechanics, as opposite as those sound.
You May Also Like
AUG 16, 2020
Space & Astronomy
A Very Distant Galaxy From the Early Universe Is a Lot Like the Milky Way
AUG 16, 2020
A Very Distant Galaxy From the Early Universe Is a Lot Like the Milky Way
With the power of the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA), astronomers have identified a very young gala ...
AUG 26, 2020
Space & Astronomy
Planet-wide Rainstorms Created Lakes on Ancient Mars
AUG 26, 2020
Planet-wide Rainstorms Created Lakes on Ancient Mars
Researchers from the University of Texas have found that a huge amount of liquid water likely rained down from the skies ...
OCT 16, 2020
Chemistry & Physics
The "Missing" Laureate at 2020 Physics Nobel
OCT 16, 2020
The "Missing" Laureate at 2020 Physics Nobel
Last week, the science community celebrated the awarding of this year's Nobel Physics Prize to a trio of black hole ...
NOV 14, 2020
Space & Astronomy
Evidence of Supernovae Found in Ancient Tree Rings
NOV 14, 2020
Evidence of Supernovae Found in Ancient Tree Rings
Researchers from the University of Colorado Boulder have found that the rings in Earth's ancient trees may hold evid ...
DEC 28, 2020
Space & Astronomy
During a Total Solar Eclipse, a Comet is Spotted Racing Past the Sun
DEC 28, 2020
During a Total Solar Eclipse, a Comet is Spotted Racing Past the Sun
On December 14, 2020, there was a total solar eclipse that could be seen in Chile and Argentina. Now scientists have rev ...
JAN 23, 2021
Earth & The Environment
Icelandic sediment holds clues for early Martian climate
JAN 23, 2021
Icelandic sediment holds clues for early Martian climate
New research conducted by scientists from Rice University aims to investigate places on Mars that harbor similar geologi ...
Loading Comments...