JAN 27, 2017 01:39 PM PST
The Genetics of Apples
WRITTEN BY: Jennifer Ellis
2 1 167

Have you ever wondered why there are so many types of apples? Aside from the standard Red Delicious and Granny Smith, there are pink lady, gala, fuji, and many others. Apple types, like any food variation, come from breeding. By cross-pollinating one variety with another, new seeds are created, planted, and grown, forming a new variety.

Breeders generally look at characteristics of apples that are appealing to consumers such as taste, sweetness, and look, and combine these with different characteristics that make growing easier such as productivity, resistance to pests, or longevity of freshness. Each new variety can take 4 to 5 years to create before it produces fruit. While breeding is a long and difficult process, there are over 7,500 different varieties of apples and growing.
About the Author
  • I love all things science and am passionate about bringing science to the public through writing. With an M.S. in Genetics and experience in cancer research, marketing and technical writing, it is a pleasure to share the latest trends and findings in science on LabRoots.
You May Also Like
MAY 01, 2018
Videos
MAY 01, 2018
A Marathon Tragedy Advances Medical Treatment
It's been five years since the bombing at the Boston Marathon, and in that time, advances in artificial limbs and treating amputees have made it possible f
MAY 19, 2018
Videos
MAY 19, 2018
The neuroscience behind Laurel vs. Yanny
Neuroscientist Tyler Perrachione, an Assistant Professor at Boston University, explains the science behind the soundbite that's taken the internet by a sto
MAY 31, 2018
Videos
MAY 31, 2018
The Med Diet Isn't Popular With Kids
In southern European countries, the "Mediterranean Diet" is widespread and lauded as a healthy way to eat. It includes very little red meat, lots of veggie
JUN 04, 2018
Videos
JUN 04, 2018
Making AI More Human
Machine learning or artificial intelligence is when a machine becomes able to think like a human. However, machine learning happens when thousands of choic
JUN 04, 2018
Videos
JUN 04, 2018
What is the South Atlantic Anomaly?
As satellites orbit the Earth, they must be careful to shut down while passing through particular areas. One of such areas is the South Atlantic Anomaly, w
JUN 19, 2018
Videos
JUN 19, 2018
Here Are a Few Good Reasons to Avoid Whale Carcasses
With whale beachings on the rise, it’s important to remind everyone about the dangers associated with approaching a whale carcass. While the dead wha
Loading Comments...