JAN 27, 2017 1:39 PM PST

The Genetics of Apples

WRITTEN BY: Jennifer Ellis

Have you ever wondered why there are so many types of apples? Aside from the standard Red Delicious and Granny Smith, there are pink lady, gala, fuji, and many others. Apple types, like any food variation, come from breeding. By cross-pollinating one variety with another, new seeds are created, planted, and grown, forming a new variety.

Breeders generally look at characteristics of apples that are appealing to consumers such as taste, sweetness, and look, and combine these with different characteristics that make growing easier such as productivity, resistance to pests, or longevity of freshness. Each new variety can take 4 to 5 years to create before it produces fruit. While breeding is a long and difficult process, there are over 7,500 different varieties of apples and growing.
About the Author
  • I love all things science and am passionate about bringing science to the public through writing. With an M.S. in Genetics and experience in cancer research, marketing and technical writing, it is a pleasure to share the latest trends and findings in science on LabRoots.
You May Also Like
DEC 27, 2019
Chemistry & Physics
DEC 27, 2019
Measuring Radiation: What's in the Names?
What do the Curie couple, Henrie Becquerel, Louis Harold Gray, and Ralf Sievert, have in common? These radiation pioneers defined the way we measured ioniz...
DEC 31, 2019
Space & Astronomy
DEC 31, 2019
Why Does This Star Dim Unpredictably?
KIC 8462852, also known as Tabby’s Star or the infamous ‘alien megastructure star,’ is peculiar because the star’s light seems to d...
JAN 09, 2020
Earth & The Environment
JAN 09, 2020
Australian Bushfire Update
Devastating wildfires continue to ravage the continent of Australia. The report from BBC News below, which aired earlier this week, gives an encompassing u...
JAN 21, 2020
Space & Astronomy
JAN 21, 2020
Here's Why SpaceX Blew Up a Falcon 9 Rocket in Mid-Air
SpaceX completed a substantial milestone for NASA’s Commercial Crew Program this week, an undertaking that involved one of the commercial space compa...
FEB 04, 2020
Health & Medicine
FEB 04, 2020
World Health Organization Outlines Strategy to Eradicate Cervical Cancer
Today—World Cancer Day—the World Health Organization (WHO) announced a draft of a global strategy to eliminate cervical cancer as a public heal...
FEB 10, 2020
Plants & Animals
FEB 10, 2020
Mudskippers Aren't Like Most Fish...
Most fish spend almost all of their lives in a body of water, be it the ocean or some smaller lake or stream. Mudskippers, on the other hand, are a unique...
Loading Comments...