APR 07, 2017 05:39 AM PDT

The Basics of Blood Cancers


Blood cancers, which include leukemia and non-Hodgkins lymphoma can be difficult to treat because they start at the very beginning of the process of cellular development. Blood is made up of red blood cells that carry oxygen and white blood cells that fight infection. Both of these cells are manufactured in bone marrow, from genetic stem cells. When that genetic process goes awry, creating cells with certain mutations, cancer can be the results. Since blood travels all over the body and through every system and organ, blood cancers can be especially aggressive. Acute lymphoblastic leukemia is caused by errors in the genome when lymphoblast cells are created and is one of the more deadly forms of blood cancer and the most common form of cancer in children.

Since blood cancers are not solid tumors, but rather a disease that is on the move throughout the bloodstream, surgery isn't the norm but rather treatments like immunotherapy which boost the immune system to fight off the cancer and chemo and radiation to kill off the defective cells, followed by a bone marrow transplant, to replace the cell creation process with stem cells from a donor are most helpful. Hopefully, a new system will produce healthy cells and eradicate cancer in the blood. Treating these forms of cancer is complex and not always successful, but research is being done every day to find new ways to knockout the defective cells and improve outcomes for patients.
About the Author
  • I'm a writer living in the Boston area. My interests include cancer research, cardiology and neuroscience. I want to be part of using the Internet and social media to educate professionals and patients in a collaborative environment.
You May Also Like
NOV 12, 2019
Videos
NOV 12, 2019
The Difference Between Marijuana and Hemp
What's the difference between Marijuana and Hemp? Watch the video below to find out exactly how they differ. Both hemp and marijuana belong to the same...
NOV 12, 2019
Chemistry & Physics
NOV 12, 2019
Stealth Drones Made with Self-destructing Material Leave No Trace Behind
In the military, gliders are a much-desired method for stealth scouting. But when they become captured or accidentally crash during a mission, these device...
NOV 12, 2019
Plants & Animals
NOV 12, 2019
These Young Seabirds Must Learn to Fly or be Eaten by Sharks
These young albatrosses must learn the official rules of ‘survival of the fittest.’ Once big enough, they will need to become as adept at flyin...
NOV 12, 2019
Chemistry & Physics
NOV 12, 2019
What do a Wing Nut and a Tennis Racket Have in Common?
In 1985 during a mission to rescue the space station Salyut-7, Soviet astronaut Vladimir Dzhanibekov observed something rather strange. A free-flowing wing...
NOV 12, 2019
Plants & Animals
NOV 12, 2019
Everything You Didn't Know About Hyenas
The humble hyena is often depicted as dim-witted, but as the scientific facts would show, that couldn’t be farther from the truth. Despite the negati...
NOV 12, 2019
Space & Astronomy
NOV 12, 2019
Could the Successful Juno Mission See an Extension Beyond 2021?
The Juno mission, launched by NASA in 2011 to explore the fascinating Jovian system, finally arrived at its destination in 2016. Since then, the spacecraft...
Loading Comments...