FEB 26, 2018 07:33 PM PST

What is Hepatitis C?

WRITTEN BY: Carmen Leitch

A virus causes hepatitis C. The Centers for Disease Prevention estimates that 2.7 to 3.9 million Americans have chronic hepatitis C, but it impacts people all over the world, affecting an estimated 71 million people.

The disease is spread when blood from an infected individual gets into another person. A common mode of transmission is by drug users who share needles, but needle sticks in the health clinic can transmit the disease, and pregnant women can pass it to their baby. There is also a risk from using tattoo parlors that don't maintain proper hygienic practices, as well as a low chance of sexual transmission.

The virus is not spread through food, water, kissing, hugging, or touching. Insects like mosquitoes do not transmit the disease, which can cause fever, loss of appetite, fatigue, and pain the joints and abdomen, among other symptoms. It can lead to serious liver problems and liver failure. The disease can be treated, however. While vaccines exist for hepatitis A and B, one for C is not yet available.
About the Author
  • Experienced research scientist and technical expert with authorships on 28 peer-reviewed publications, traveler to over 60 countries, published photographer and internationally-exhibited painter, volunteer trained in disaster-response, CPR and DV counseling.
You May Also Like
NOV 05, 2018
Videos
NOV 05, 2018
The Mechanisms Underlying the Deadly Blow of the Mantis Shrimp
The mantis shrimp packs a powerful punch that can strike its enemies with one of the fastest moves in the animal kingdom....
NOV 11, 2018
Health & Medicine
NOV 11, 2018
Stop Procrastinating, It's Not Good for You
Procrastination is common, but some people procrastinate much more than others. Those who do it persistently probably exhibit something known as chronic pr...
NOV 28, 2018
Videos
NOV 28, 2018
What critics think about the first gene-edited babies
Chinese scientist He Jiankui took advantage of the International Human Genome Editing Summit in Hong Kong to publicize the results of his Crispr-Cas9 trial...
NOV 28, 2018
Plants & Animals
NOV 28, 2018
Some Animals Thrive in Wildfires
We often associate wildfires with destruction and devastation, but horrendous damages aside, what happens to all the animals that inhabit those forests? As...
DEC 03, 2018
Cancer
DEC 03, 2018
Using bubbly nano-particles for chemotherapy delivery
We have all heard about the harsh side effects of chemotherapy that could be so difficult leading to stopping treatment. The reason behind those side effects is that chemotherapy drugs do tar...
DEC 07, 2018
Videos
DEC 07, 2018
The Influence of Genetics on our Future
In recent decades, advances in genetic technologies have changed our world in many different ways....
Loading Comments...