Unfortunately due to technical issues this webinar has been delayed until June 26th. If you are unable to make the new time, it will be available on demand for you to view.
DATE: June 26, 2017
TIME: 8:00AM PDT 11:00AM EDT
Determining the pathologic functions of T cells that infiltrate target tissues remains a central challenge in autoimmune diseases. In this webinar, Dr. Deepak Rao, MD, PhD, of Brigham and Women’s Hospital will describe recent work, published in Nature, identifying a unique population of pathologic CD4+ T cells, called T peripheral helper (TPH) cells, that is markedly expanded in the joints of subjects with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Rao and colleagues used mass cytometry and multidimensional flow cytometry to interrogate T cell populations in synovial tissue and blood from research subjects with RA, a chronic immune-mediated arthritis that affects up to 1% of the population.
Mass cytometric analysis of RA synovial tissue cells revealed a strikingly expanded population of PD-1hiCXCR5-CD4+ T cells, which constituted ~25% of synovial CD4+ T cells. Surprisingly, these cells are not exhausted, but instead highly express factors that confer the ability to help B cells, including IL-21, CXCL13, ICOS, SAP and MAF. Like T follicular helper (TFH) cells, PD-1hiCXCR5- cells from synovium and blood induce plasma cell differentiation in vitro via IL 21. However, RNA-seq transcriptomics robustly separates PD-1hiCXCR5- cells from TFH cells, with altered expression of Bcl6 and Blimp-1 and unique expression of chemokine receptors that direct migration to inflamed sites, such as CCR2, CX3CR1 and CCR5, in PD-1hiCXCR5- cells.
Rao and colleagues propose that PD-1hiCXCR5- T cells represent a TPH cell population, analogous to TFH cells, that supports B cell responses in pathologically inflamed nonlymphoid tissues. Given their marked expansion in RA joints, these cells may be important in driving pathologic B cell responses and autoantibody production within the inflamed target tissue.
Michelle Poulin, PhD, of Fluidigm will give a brief overview of mass cytometry, the high-parameter, single-cell analysis technology used by Rao in his research.
• Which activation markers can be used to identify populations of activated CD4+ T cells?
• How can multiple methodologies such as mass cytometry, transcriptomics and functional assays be used in concert to define immune cell subsets?
• How might certain T cell subsets promote B cell responses within inflamed tissues?
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