OCT 16, 2013 07:00 AM PDT

Novel strategies for the targeted delivery of anti-cancer drugs in bladder cancer CME and CE Credits Available

C.E. CREDITS: CE
Speakers
  • Associate Professor and Assistant Head, Department of Biological Sciences, Purdue University
    Biography
      Dr. Aguilar obtained his PhD degree in Immunochemistry from the School of Pharmacy and Biochemistry, University of Buenos Aires, Argentina. Dr. Aguilar pursued his post-doctoral training at the National institutes of Health in Bethesda, MD in the lab of the well-known cell biologist Dr. Juan Bonifacino. In 2005, after a period as Associate Research Scientist at The Johns Hopkins University (in Dr. Beverly Wendland lab), Dr. Aguilar joined the Faculty of the Department of Biological Sciences at Purdue University. There, his group studies the mechanisms linking endocytosis and signaling in health and disease. In order to pursue its research goals, the Aguilar lab routinely use biophysical, biochemical and genetic approaches.

    Abstract:

    The adjuvant therapy of choice for superficial bladder cancer is the intravesical instillation of live Mycobacterium bovis Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG). In spite of the fact that this therapy is the most effective treatment for superficial bladder cancer, intravesical administration of BCG is associated with high local morbidity and the potential for systemic infection. Therefore, there is a need for the development of safer, less toxic approaches to fight this disease. Since fibronectin attachment protein (FAP) is a key element in BCG retention and targeting to cells, we hypothesize that this protein can be used as targeting agent to deliver cytotoxic cargo for the treatment of bladder tumors. Here we evaluated the ability of bladder tumor cells to bind and endocytose FAP via fibronectin-integrin complexes. We found that micro-aggregation induced by an anti-FAP polyclonal antibody accelerated FAP uptake by bladder tumor cells. FAP-FBN-Integrin complexes were determined to be internalized via a clathrin-independent, caveolae-dependent mechanism. Further, once in the endosomal compartment, FAP was targeted to the lysosomal compartment with negligible recycling to the plasma membrane. Importantly, we demonstrated that FAP micro-aggregation and internalization could also be triggered by multivalent Ni2+NTA-bearing liposomes. Overall, our studies validate the use of FAP as a targeting vector and provide the foundations for the design of more effective, less toxic bladder cancer therapeutics.


    Show Resources
    You May Also Like
    SEP 05, 2019 04:00 PM CEST
    C.E. CREDITS
    SEP 05, 2019 04:00 PM CEST
    DATE: September 5, 2019TIME: 7:00am PT, 10:00am ET, 4:00pm CEST PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction) has gone through a massive evolution since its development in 1983. Besides it...
    MAY 16, 2019 04:00 PM CEST
    C.E. CREDITS
    MAY 16, 2019 04:00 PM CEST
    DATE: May 16, 2019TIME: 7:00am PDT, 10:00am EDT, 4:00pm CEST The emergence of NGS is revolutionizing the microbiological sciences and transforming medicine. Deep sequencing has...
    AUG 27, 2019 09:00 AM PDT
    C.E. CREDITS
    AUG 27, 2019 09:00 AM PDT
    DATE: August 27, 2019 TIME: 9:00am PDT, 12:00pm EDT Immunotherapies targeting PD-1 or PD-L1 have proven remarkably effective for treating cancer in some patients, with considerabl...
    JUN 19, 2019 10:00 AM PDT
    JUN 19, 2019 10:00 AM PDT
    DATE: June 19, 2019TIME: 10:00am PDT, 1:00pm EDT As we develop new methods to create more biologically relevant models for research in understanding disease etiology and in...
    MAR 26, 2019 02:00 PM PDT
    C.E. CREDITS
    MAR 26, 2019 02:00 PM PDT
    DATE:  March 26, 2019TIME:  2:00pm PDT, 5:00pm EDT  Prostate cancer is the second most common form of cancer in males, affecting one in eight men by the time t...
    JUL 31, 2019 09:00 AM PDT
    C.E. CREDITS
    JUL 31, 2019 09:00 AM PDT
    DATE: July 31, 2019TIME: 9:00am PT, 12:00pm ET The choroid plexus, which makes up the blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier in the central nervous system (CNS), lines the ventricle...
    Loading Comments...
    Show Resources