Parathyroid Functional States: How to Define and How to Assess

SPONSORED BY: DiaSorin, DiaSorin
C.E. CREDITS: P.A.C.E. CE | Florida CE
  • Division Head, Bone and Mineral Metabolism, Henry Ford Health System

      Dr. Rao is the Section Head, Bone & Mineral Metabolism & Director of Bone & Mineral Research Laboratory, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, MI, USA, a position he has held continuously since 1995. It is the best bone histomorphometry lab in the state, and one of the best in the country. Under his direction, the lab has been conducting both basic and clinical research, and published extensively on the pathogenesis of bone fragility, age related bone loss, mechanism of atypical fractures, role of vitamin D in parathyroid adenoma size and disease expression, and on parathyroid tumorigenesis.

      Dr. Rao has more than 100 peer reviewed papers, 100 symposium proceedings, abstracts, and letters to the editor, and 10 book chapters. He is a founding member of the Indian Society of Bone & Mineral Research, which he helped launch in 1997.

      Dr. Rao has received a number of awards including the Willard O. Thomson travelling scholar award from the American college of Physicians in 1986, the Boy Frame award from the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research in 1999. He is a fellow of the American College of Physicians (FACP) and of the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (FACE)


    Hyper and Hypoparathyroid diseases are often latent conditions with significant morbidity and at times mortality. The symptoms range from the obvious, such as kidney stones, bone fractures, and seizures to the more subtle challenges embodied by weakness, tiredness, fatigue, headaches, depression, lack of concentration or underlying elevated blood pressure.  As Dr. Rao picks up the normality enigma, its importance will be addressed diagnostically as it relates to the nuanced choices made in the course of clinical management.

    Learning Objectives

    • Explain how Parathyroid Hormone is produced in the body and its role in bone and mineral metabolism
    • Define the differences and similarities between Primary and Secondary Hyperparathyroidism
    • Recognize the patient types that are in most need of PTH monitoring

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