OCT 16, 2018 07:00 AM PDT

On the right track: building the neural circuitry for feeding and swallowing

SPONSORED BY: Leica Microsystems
C.E. CREDITS: P.A.C.E. CE | Florida CE
Speakers
  • Postdoctoral Scientist, George Washington University, Laboratory of Drs. Anthony LaMantia and Sally Moody
    Biography
      Zahra Motahari is a postdoctoral scientist at George Washington University in the labs of Drs. Anthony LaMantia and Sally Moody. Her research has been focused on brainstem neural circuitry responsible for feeding and swallowing and its subsequent disruption in pediatric dysphagia.

      Zahra received her Pharmacy degree from Tehran University of Medical Sciences and completed her PhD in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology at SUNY Upstate Medical University. Her doctoral thesis under supervision of Dr. Michael Zuber was focused on the molecular mechanism by which neural progenitor cells in the eye field become specified to become retina.

      In addition to her role as a scientist, Zahra is active in variety of organizations including American Association for the Advancement of Science, Society for Neuroscience, GW Postdoc association and Women in Bio. She also serves as an editorial board member for Journal of Human Anatomy and a peer reviewer for Genesis.

    Abstract:
    DATE:  October 16, 2018
    TIME:   7:00am PDT, 10:00am EDT
     
    22q11 Deletion Syndrome (22q11DS) is a genomic disorder caused by a microdeletion of chromosome 22 that occurs with the prevalence of 1:4000 live births. 22q11DS patients have neurodevelopmental disabilities associated with feeding and swallowing difficulties that compromise their nutritional status and increase the risk of nasal, middle ear, and respiratory infections due to aspiration and reflux. Although the causes are unknown, studies in LgDel mouse model of 22q11DS suggest the aberrant development of several cranial nerves that are derived from cranial neural crest and placodes. Particularly affected is the trigeminal nerve (CNV) that provides sensory innervation to the face and oral cavity as well as motor innervation to the muscles of mastication.
     
    To better assess CNV outgrowth and development in these animals, we used Alexa Flour 594 biocytin neural tracer to retrogradely label the axonal trajectories in whole moue embryos. Biocytin was injected into branchial arch 1B of E11.5 embryos with a broken glass micropipette under microscopic observation. Embryos were incubated in cell culture medium for an hour at 37C, fixed and then processed for 3D imaging.
     
    Our results show that in wild type animal both sensory and motor CNV axons projects directly toward their final target. LgDel CNV axons, however, exhibits abnormal phenotype including looping, branching, misrouting, and sprouting suggesting that axonal pathfinding is compromised. Our innovative approach could determine if defective peripheral cues are at last partially responsible for abnormal CV development in LgDel embryos, thus contributing to their feeding difficulties after birth.
     
    Learning Objectives:
    • Develop a technique to label and image neurons in their native, 3D structure.
    • Discover if neural circuitry is compromised in pediatric dysphagia

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