MAY 27, 2015 10:35 AM PDT

Less Invasive Lung Cancer Test

According to WebMD, lung cancer causes the most cancer-related deaths for both men and women worldwide. The American Cancer Society reported 228,190 new lung cancer cases of and 159,480 deaths in 2013. While tobacco smoking has been cited as the chief cause and cessation programs have been effective, lung cancer remains the most common form of cancer and the fifth most common cancer in women worldwide, as well as the leading cause of cancer-related deaths in American women (http://www.webmd.com/lung-cancer/guide/lung-cancer-statistics#0).
Test finds genomic markers for lung cancer.
Furthermore, lung cancer, which is responsible for the most cancer deaths in the United States, will kill 158,000 people in 2015, more than breast, prostate, and colon cancer combined, according to the National Cancer Institute, according to "Less invasive test for lung cancer expected in 2016," an article posted on Futurity. The article explains that the quick growth and spread of lung cancer prompt many healthy and former smokers to undergo diagnostic screening CT scans of the chest, which can detect small lung lesions in the lungs that could be an early sign of lung cancer. Because abnormal results can lead to painful and invasive biopsies, researchers have found a better diagnostic tool (http://www.futurity.org/lung-cancer-diagnostics-biomarkers-928562/).

As reported in the New England Journal of Medicine, Avrum Spira, professor of medicine, pathology, and laboratory medicine and bioinformatics at Boston University, has achieved good clinical trial results on a molecular test to detect lung cancer early but without invasive biopsies. This month, a new, noninvasive test for the disease called Percepta, based on biomarkers developed by Spira and his collaborators Jerome Brody, professor of medicine, and Marc Lenburg, associate professor of medicine, was released by the molecular diagnostics company Veracyte. As Spira, a pulmonologist at Boston Medical Center, said, "It's a growing problem in our clinical pulmonary practices: smokers, either current or former, have something abnormal found on a CT scan of the chest, and we're worried it might be lung cancer."

Doctors have several tools available for followup. A minimally invasive bronchoscopy may not always find small tumors buried deep in the lung. A lung biopsy, often an invasive and expensive procedure, comes back negative one-third of the time.

Using the Percepta test at the same time as a bronchoscopy, the doctor uses a small brush to sample normal-looking cells in the upper airway and sends the sample to a lab for genetic testing. These cells, while appearing healthy, are in the "field of injury" damaged by cigarette smoke and contain 23 genomic markers that demonstrate "a high likelihood of cancer elsewhere in the lung" -- protective genes being turned off or genes associated with cell growth being turned on. By finding them, clinicians can catch or rule out lung cancer.

The test was validated in two clinical trials, involving 639 patients at 28 sites in the United States, Canada and Ireland. It identified 97 percent of the lung cancers, compared to 75 percent for bronchoscopy alone. It is not widely available or covered by insurance, but if the early access program in a limited number of medical centers is successful, the test could be made widely available in early 2016.
About the Author
  • Ilene Schneider is the owner of Schneider the Writer, a firm that provides communications for health care, high technology and service enterprises. Her specialties include public relations, media relations, advertising, journalistic writing, editing, grant writing and corporate creativity consulting services. Prior to starting her own business in 1985, Ilene was editor of the Cleveland edition of TV Guide, associate editor of School Product News (Penton Publishing) and senior public relations representative at Beckman Instruments, Inc. She was profiled in a book, How to Open and Operate a Home-Based Writing Business and listed in Who's Who of American Women, Who's Who in Advertising and Who's Who in Media and Communications. She was the recipient of the Women in Communications, Inc. Clarion Award in advertising. A graduate of the University of Pennsylvania, Ilene and her family have lived in Irvine, California, since 1978.
You May Also Like
JUL 17, 2018
Cancer
JUL 17, 2018
Immunotherapy Diversification: From CAR-T cells to CAR-NK cells
New advances have made it possible for immunotherapy researchers to use natural killer cells, which are our body's normal defense for cancerous cells, to target tumors....
JUL 25, 2018
Neuroscience
JUL 25, 2018
Can CT Scans Increase the Risk of Brain Cancer?
Medical imaging has gone from fuzzy X-rays that didn't show much, to real-time functional MRI scans in just a few decades. Being able to see inside the...
AUG 15, 2018
Cancer
AUG 15, 2018
Cancer Control Headway in The Last 20 Years
Learning from history and what changes have been made will continue to help drive cancer controls for the future....
SEP 04, 2018
Cancer
SEP 04, 2018
Metal beads that could help reduce chemotherapy side effects in brain tumor
Brain tumors are one of the most challenging types of cancers to treat. Only 1 in 7 patients will survive the disease, and those survivors will usually suffer from lots of side effects becaus...
SEP 12, 2018
Microbiology
SEP 12, 2018
Researchers ID a Link Between a Bacterial Strain and Gastric Cancer
Helicobacter pylori is a bacterium that causes stomach ulcers, and can lead to gastric cancer....
NOV 13, 2018
Immunology
NOV 13, 2018
Yin & Yang: The Duality of Cancer-Associated Fibroblasts in Pancreatic Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer is a devastating disease. Fifty-five thousand new patients were diagnosed this year in the United States (1). It is painful and usua...
Loading Comments...