MAR 22, 2017 2:18 PM PDT

Breast Implants Carry Risk For Rare Cancer, FDA Finds

WRITTEN BY: Xuan Pham

The Food and Drug Administration recently highlighted a link between breast implants and a rare cancer that’s claimed at least 9 lives.

The cancer is known as anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL), and is considered a rare form of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. In total, since February 1 of this year, 359 cases of such cancer have been reported, including 9 deaths.

Importantly, the FDA makes a clear distinction that the deaths were not caused by breast cancer. Rather, the malignant cells can be found in the scar tissues surrounding the breast implant.

"All of the information to date suggests that women with breast implants have a very low but increased risk of developing ALCL compared to women who do not have breast implants," wrote the FDA.

They also highlighted another interesting link concerning the type of breast implants that seemed to be more associated with cancer. Textured implants – those with a pebbly surface designed to minimize shifting post-surgery – seem to increase the risk of cancer development.

“When we take these out, you can hear a peeling sound,” said Dr. Alex Wong, a plastic surgeon and researcher at the University of Southern California’s Keck School of Medicine. “Whereas with a smooth implant, it’s like Jell-O. You can spin it around. It moves really easily.”

“We’re still trying to find out why the surface matters,” said Dr. Wong. It’s not hard to imagine, however, that cells can better attach and nest into textured surfaces versus smooth surfaces. The content of the implant – silicone or saline – does not seem to influence cancer development.

The FDA’s announcement marks a more conclusive update on this matter, which was raised back in 2011. However, at the time, researchers did not have enough evidence to suggest a possible link.

Fortunately, the cancer seems to be rare and not commonly fatal. The FDA suggests that removing the diseased tissue and implants is sufficient for most affected women, although some do require extended cancer treatments. Further, they note that women with implants who don’t show symptoms – lumps, pain, swelling of the breast area – are likely at low risk for the cancer.

Additional sources: CNN, The New York Times

About the Author
I am a human geneticist, passionate about telling stories to make science more engaging and approachable. Find more of my writing at the Hopkins BioMedical Odyssey blog and at TheGeneTwist.com.
You May Also Like
JUL 25, 2022
Cancer
Does the Secret to Immunotherapy Lie in...Poop?
JUL 25, 2022
Does the Secret to Immunotherapy Lie in...Poop?
Advancements in immunotherapy have proven instrumental in reshaping the face of cancer research in recent years.  W ...
AUG 04, 2022
Cancer
Fiber in Green Bananas Protects from Some Cancers
AUG 04, 2022
Fiber in Green Bananas Protects from Some Cancers
Starch, a natural, sugar-containing component in many green plants, is present in high concentrations in foods such as p ...
AUG 08, 2022
Immunology
Controls and Calibrators for Measurement Assurance in Flow Cytometry: New Applications and New Requirements
AUG 08, 2022
Controls and Calibrators for Measurement Assurance in Flow Cytometry: New Applications and New Requirements
One of the primary objectives for the application of flow cytometry in any testing environment should be measurement ass ...
AUG 09, 2022
Immunology
New Small Molecule May Improve Immunotherapy for a Variety of Cancers
AUG 09, 2022
New Small Molecule May Improve Immunotherapy for a Variety of Cancers
Scientists have been trying to stimulate the immune system to fight cancer for decades, and recent years have brought ma ...
AUG 22, 2022
Immunology
A Lifetime of Mutations is Seen in Aging Immune Cells
AUG 22, 2022
A Lifetime of Mutations is Seen in Aging Immune Cells
Researchers have used advanced sequencing techniques to analyze immune cells in great detail. This work has shown that o ...
AUG 29, 2022
Cancer
Could Robotic Surgery Provide Better Care for Patients with Kidney Cancer?
AUG 29, 2022
Could Robotic Surgery Provide Better Care for Patients with Kidney Cancer?
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most common type of kidney cancer, accounting for about 90% of kidney cancer incidence ...
Loading Comments...