MAR 22, 2017 02:18 PM PDT

Breast Implants Carry Risk For Rare Cancer, FDA Finds

WRITTEN BY: Xuan Pham

The Food and Drug Administration recently highlighted a link between breast implants and a rare cancer that’s claimed at least 9 lives.

The cancer is known as anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL), and is considered a rare form of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. In total, since February 1 of this year, 359 cases of such cancer have been reported, including 9 deaths.

Importantly, the FDA makes a clear distinction that the deaths were not caused by breast cancer. Rather, the malignant cells can be found in the scar tissues surrounding the breast implant.

"All of the information to date suggests that women with breast implants have a very low but increased risk of developing ALCL compared to women who do not have breast implants," wrote the FDA.

They also highlighted another interesting link concerning the type of breast implants that seemed to be more associated with cancer. Textured implants – those with a pebbly surface designed to minimize shifting post-surgery – seem to increase the risk of cancer development.

“When we take these out, you can hear a peeling sound,” said Dr. Alex Wong, a plastic surgeon and researcher at the University of Southern California’s Keck School of Medicine. “Whereas with a smooth implant, it’s like Jell-O. You can spin it around. It moves really easily.”

“We’re still trying to find out why the surface matters,” said Dr. Wong. It’s not hard to imagine, however, that cells can better attach and nest into textured surfaces versus smooth surfaces. The content of the implant – silicone or saline – does not seem to influence cancer development.

The FDA’s announcement marks a more conclusive update on this matter, which was raised back in 2011. However, at the time, researchers did not have enough evidence to suggest a possible link.

Fortunately, the cancer seems to be rare and not commonly fatal. The FDA suggests that removing the diseased tissue and implants is sufficient for most affected women, although some do require extended cancer treatments. Further, they note that women with implants who don’t show symptoms – lumps, pain, swelling of the breast area – are likely at low risk for the cancer.

Additional sources: CNN, The New York Times

About the Author
  • I am a human geneticist, passionate about telling stories to make science more engaging and approachable. Find more of my writing at the Hopkins BioMedical Odyssey blog and at TheGeneTwist.com.
You May Also Like
JUL 17, 2018
Cancer
JUL 17, 2018
Large Multifactorial NIH Study Announced for Prostate Cancer Aggressiveness in African-American Men
The largest coordinated study on Prostate cancer aims to look at both genetic and environmental factors that lead to increased risk and cancer aggressiveness in African-American men compared...
AUG 07, 2018
Cancer
AUG 07, 2018
Renal Cell Carcinoma and Myelodysplastic Syndrome Show Epigenetic Association
DNA methylation patterns in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) have a strong association with myelodysplastic syndrome DNA hypermethylation later in life....
AUG 14, 2018
Cancer
AUG 14, 2018
New Drug for Refractory Cutaneous T-cell Lymphoma
Mogamulizumab was approved by the FDA this month after a very successful Phase III clinical trial demonstrating its effectiveness in treating patients with challenging CTCL....
AUG 21, 2018
Health & Medicine
AUG 21, 2018
First, They Came for the Straws...Now the Soda?
Bans on plastic straws and utensils are all over the news recently. While taking care of the planet is crucial, some critics say that banning plastic straw...
OCT 21, 2018
Technology
OCT 21, 2018
New Technology Detects Early-Stage Lung Cancer
According to recent research published in the Journal of Molecular Diagnostics, outcomes of patients with non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) may be impr...
DEC 05, 2018
Cancer
DEC 05, 2018
Zika virus as a weapon against brain cancer
Glioblastoma is the most aggressive type of Brain Cancer with an average survival rate of less than two years with treatment. So what if there could be a cure for this type of cancer....
Loading Comments...